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  1. Language English 2 reads According to this paper a combination of political, cultural, and socioeconomic factors creates a deep level of desperation in Central America. Left with few choices and resources, people are pushed to find alternatives elsewhere. ...

    According to this paper a combination of political, cultural, and socioeconomic factors creates a deep level of desperation in Central America. Left with few choices and resources, people are pushed to find alternatives elsewhere. This environment creates ground for traffickers to perpetrate their crimes. Supply, demand, and impunity together create a space in which trafficking can flourish. Economic globalization and unregulated borders have created conditions that allow organized crime to flow through Central Americas’ borders.

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Colombia
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Mexico
    • Mensenhandel
    • Economisch overleven
    • Armoede
    • Engels
  2. Taal Engels Abstract: 'To date, limited research has been conducted to assess the impact of various mental health therapeutic treatments, hindering mental healthcare providers’ understanding of which therapeutic methods work best when ...

    Abstract:'To date, limited research has been conducted to assess the impact of various mental health therapeutic treatments, hindering mental healthcare providers’ understanding of which therapeutic methods work best when treating this population. To begin addressing some of the questions regarding mental health treatment, this issue brief examines the evidence-based research for treating common mental health conditions experienced by victims of human trafficking.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Behandeling (gespecialiseerde)
    • Adequate behandeling
    • Behandelmogelijkheden
    • Slachtofferschap
    • Gevolgen mensenhandel
    • Engels
  3. 2 reads Language English Abstract: 'This paper explores the health consequences and healthcare experiences of women and girls trafficked in the United States for commercial sex. The paper is based on an original study of over one hundred domestic sex ...

    Abstract:'This paper explores the health consequences and healthcare experiences of women and girls trafficked in the United States for commercial sex. The paper is based on an original study of over one hundred domestic sex trafficking victims and survivors. It provides evidence that women and children who are trafficked into prostitution are physically, mentally, and emotionally devastated by the crime, and this devastation is lasting with injuries, illnesses, and impairments continuing for decades. It illustrates how our healthcare system is failing trafficked women and children. It makes the case that health care providers of all kinds in emergency wards, healthcare clinics, and private practices are seeing trafficking victims but failing to identify them, thereby unwittingly contributing to continuing criminal activity and exacerbating both public and private physical and mental health problems for this segment of the population. It offers recommendations on ways that public policy and healthcare practice can combat sex trafficking by more readily identifying victims and catalyzing rescues. Finally, it argues that law, policy, and protocols must change in order to adequately address the health consequences of sex trafficking.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Zorg
    • Medische omstandigheden
    • Medische zorg
    • Mensenhandel
    • Slachtofferschap
    • Engels
  4. Taal Engels Abstract: 'This study explored the psychological coercion of trafficking in human person, antecedents such as causes, psychological coercion and processes and psychosocial consequences. We adopted Victimological paradigm wh ...

    Abstract:'This study explored the psychological coercion of trafficking in human person, antecedents such as causes, psychological coercion and processes and psychosocial consequences. We adopted Victimological paradigm which explains why some people are more vulnerable to victimization than others through victim-trafficker relationship, repeat victimization and role of lifestyle in victimization risk. The study presented causes of trafficking in human persons as the desire to migrate. The tendency to migrate may be precipitated by poverty, oppression, lack of human rights, lack of social or economic opportunity, dangers from conflict or instability. Political instability, militarism, civil unrest, internal armed conflict and natural disasters could result to desire to migrate. We presented psychological coercion as the means of obtaining initial victim and posited that this instills psychological disorders, for example depression, absence of emotional reactions, anxiety disorder, self-blame, helplessness or hopelessness, nightmare, suicidal ideation, paranoia, anger and rage control problems, psychoactive substance and alcohol abuse, dissociative disorders and host of others (Kornzinski, 2013). The psychological processes involve recruitment, initiation and indoctrination and were applied to obtain, maintain and gain control over the victims. Trafficking in human person has negative psychosocial consequences in its entirety. Psychosocial consequences of trafficking in human persons varied with undermining the extended family ties, and in many cases, the forced absence of women leads to the breakdown of families and neglect of children and the aged (Danailova-Trainor & Laczko 2010). The study concluded that the traffickers and the victim of trafficking need rehabilitation and recommended cognitive therapy for necessary rehabilitation.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Dwangmiddelen
    • Psychische situatie
    • Dwangmiddelen
    • Trauma
    • Slachtofferschap
    • Engels
  5. Taal Engels Abstract: 'Little has been reported on how survivors of trafficking integrate into new communities and what types of rehabilitation services and programs they may need to live independently and self-sufficiently. The releas ...

    Abstract:'Little has been reported on how survivors of trafficking integrate into new communities and what types of rehabilitation services and programs they may need to live independently and self-sufficiently. The release of federal funds under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 to assist certain survivors of trafficking has spurred the rapid and eclectic development of advocacy programs and services. This article explores the needs of survivors of trafficking, the variety of services and advocacy programs that are developing to assist them, and the complex reactions of immigrant communities to incidents of trafficking.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Trauma
    • Gespecialiseerde opvang
    • Psychische situatie
    • Reïntegratie
    • Slachtofferperspectief
    • Psychologisch onderzoek
    • Engels
  6. Taal Engels Abstract: 'The rate of childhood trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation has been on the global rise. In order to prevent the continued increase of the number of at-risk children, integrative micro and macro leve ...

    Abstract:'The rate of childhood trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation has been on the global rise. In order to prevent the continued increase of the number of at-risk children, integrative micro and macro level models have been found to be most effective in terms of the prevention and intervention of human trafficking. The purpose of this paper is to tackle social aspects of child trafficking including the phenomenon of the feminization of trafficking, and the psychological consequences experienced by the child survivor. Effective psychotherapy that focuses on an integration of the self, interpersonal reparation, and cultural reintegration will be highlighted through prevalent trauma-focused models and clinical observations.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Trauma
    • Minderjarigen / Kinderhandel
    • Posttraumatische Stressstoornis (PTSS)
    • Trauma
    • Seksuele uitbuiting
    • Engels
  7. Taal Engels Abstract: 'This report will describe efforts to address the demand side of sex trafficking. It will define the demand and describe its different components. It will describe laws, policies, and programs aimed at reducing th ...

    Abstract:'This report will describe efforts to address the demand side of sex trafficking. It will define the demand and describe its different components. It will describe laws, policies, and programs aimed at reducing the demand for prostitution in communities and entire countries. It includes a review of research on men’s behavior and attitudes towards prostitution and researchers’ analyses of men’s behavior and motives to purchase sex acts.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Strafbaarstelling prostituant
    • Strafbaarstelling
    • Prostituant (klant)
    • Seksuele uitbuiting
    • Engels
  8. Taal Engels Method/abstract: 'Child sexual trafficking is a crime for which few “hard” facts are known or ascertainable, and for which the “known” facts are constantly changing. This paper describes the current situation of child victi ...

    Method/abstract:'Child sexual trafficking is a crime for which few “hard” facts are known or ascertainable, and for which the “known” facts are constantly changing. This paper describes the current situation of child victims of various types of sexual slavery in the volatile context of the U.S.-Mexico border. This project grew out of a partnership between directors of the Embrey Human Rights Program [EHRP] at Southern Methodist University and the Liaison for Training and Technical Assistance for the Southern Border Initiative [SBI] of the U.S. Department of Justice’s AMBER Alert Program. The mission of the EHRP is to educate students and others to promote and defend human rights around the world. SBI is a federal program designed to improve law enforcement capabilities and capacity related to the investigation and recovery of missing, endangered, abducted and exploited children in the U.S.-Mexico border region. This paper is based on personal knowledge of SBI personnel, discussions with law enforcement, police reports, case studies, media reports, government documents from both the United States and Mexico, and EHRP research in Tucson, Arizona conducted in January, 2011.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Mexico
    • Minderjarigen / Kinderhandel
    • Grensbewaking
    • Kinderhandel
    • Kindersekstoerisme
    • Engels
  9. Taal Engels Abstract: 'Child sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) are major public health problems in the United States and throughout the world. Despite large numbers of American and foreign youth affe ...

    Abstract:'Child sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) are major public health problems in the United States and throughout the world. Despite large numbers of American and foreign youth affected and a plethora of serious physical and mental health problems associated with CSEC, there is limited information available to pediatricians regarding the nature and scope of human trafficking and how pediatricians and other health care providers may help protect children. Knowledge of risk factors, recruitment practices, possible indicators of CSEC, and common medical and behavioral health problems experienced by victims will help pediatricians recognize potential victims and respond appropriately. As health care providers, educators, and leaders in child advocacy, pediatricians play an essential role in addressing the public health issues faced by child victims of CSEC. Their roles can include working to increase recognition of CSEC, providing direct care and anticipatory guidance related to CSEC, engaging in collaborative efforts with medical and nonmedical colleagues to provide for the complex needs of youth, and educating child-serving professionals and the public.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Zorg
    • Medisch onderzoek
    • Medische omstandigheden
    • Medische verklaring
    • Medische zorg
    • Kinderhandel
    • Engels
  10. Taal Engels Abstract: 'Sex trafficking, trafficking for the purpose of forced sexual exploitation, is a widespread form of human trafficking that occurs in all regions of the world, affects mostly women and girls, and has far-reaching ...

    Abstract:'Sex trafficking, trafficking for the purpose of forced sexual exploitation, is a widespread form of human trafficking that occurs in all regions of the world, affects mostly women and girls, and has far-reaching health implications. Studies suggest that up to 50%of sex trafficking victims in the USA seek medical attention while in their trafficking situation, yet it is unclear how the healthcare system responds to the needs of victims of sex trafficking. To understand the intersection of sex trafficking and public health, we performed in-depth qualitative interviews among 277 antitrafficking stakeholders across eightmetropolitan areas in five countries to examine the local context of sex trafficking. We sought to gain a new perspective on this form of gender-based violence from those who have a unique vantage point and intimate knowledge of push-and-pull factors, victim health needs, current available resources and practices in the health system, and barriers to care. Through comparative analysis across these contexts, we found that multiple sociocultural and economic factors facilitate sex trafficking, including child sexual abuse, the objectification of women and girls, and lack of income. Although there are numerous physical and psychological health problems associated with sex trafficking, health services for victims are patchy and poorly coordinated, particularly in the realm of mental health. Various factors function as barriers to a greater health response, including low awareness of sex trafficking and attitudinal biases among health workers. A more comprehensive and coordinated health system response to sex trafficking may help alleviate its devastating effects on vulnerablewomen and girls. There are numerous opportunities for local health systems to engage in antitrafficking efforts while partnering across sectors with relevant stakeholders.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Zorg
    • Medische zorg
    • Zorgaanbod
    • Geestelijke gezondheidszorg (GGZ)
    • Engels

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