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  1. Taal Engels Laura Cordisco Tsai Ivy Flor Seballos-Llena Rabia Ann Castellano-Datta Abstract: Survivors of human trafficking often experience considerable financial difficulties upon exiting human trafficking, including pressure to provide f ...

    Abstract:Survivors of human trafficking often experience considerable financial difficulties upon exiting human trafficking, including pressure to provide financially for their families, challenges securing employment, lack of savings, and familial debt. Few evaluations have been conducted of reintegration support interventions addressing financial vulnerability among trafficking survivors. In this article, we present findings from a participatory assessment of the BARUG program, a matched savings and financial capability program for survivors of human trafficking and their family members in the Philippines. Photovoice was used to understand the experiences of two cohorts of BARUG participants. Survivors collaborated with research team members in conducting thematic analysis of transcripts from the photovoice sessions. Themes included: the positive emotional impact of financial wellness, overcoming the challenges of saving, applying financial management skills in daily decision making, developing a habit of savings, building a future-oriented mindset, receiving guidance and enlightenment, the learning process, and the change process. Findings reinforce the importance of interventions to support trafficked persons and their family members in getting out of debt and accumulating emergency savings, while also providing emotional support to survivors in coping with family financial pressures. The study also highlights the value of using participatory research methods to understand the experiences of trafficked persons.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Laura Cordisco Tsai
    • Ivy Flor Seballos-Llena
    • Rabia Ann Castellano-Datta
    • Human Trafficking Survivors
    • Engels
  2. Taal Engels Allison J. Luzwick Abstract The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) was passed to “combat trafficking in persons, a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensur ...

    AbstractThe Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) was passed to “combat trafficking in persons, a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensurejust and effective punishment of traffickers, and to protect their victims.”Since the passing of the Act, federal courts have construed the statute broadly to achieve this stated purpose. One way in which the TVPA has been underutilized, however, is in prosecuting pornography cases. Pornography enjoys wide latitude under the law, protected by a vast net of First Amendment protections. While these protections may preserve freedom of speech, they do nothing to protect adult victims who are trafficked to produce online pornographic media. To provide relief for these victims and better fight all types of domestic trafficking, prosecutors should use the sex trafficking provision of the TVPA, 18 U.S.C. § 1591, to prosecute sex trafficking within the pornography industry. The pattern of victimization, other national and international human trafficking directives, plain language of the TVPA, prior cases, and broader policy goals all support the argument that the TVPA can and should be used to address the problem of trafficking adult victims for the production of porn.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Allison J. Luzwick
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Engels
  3. Taal Engels 1 Jaclyn D. Houston-Kolnik PhD Christina Soibatian MA Mona M. Shattell PhD RN FAAN Abstract: The present qualitative study explores advocates’ opinions of misinformation about human trafficking in the media and describes advocate ...

    Abstract:The present qualitative study explores advocates’ opinions of misinformation about human trafficking in the media and describes advocates’ strategies to counter the misinformation presented by the media. Thus, 15 advocates who work against human trafficking in Chicago-based nonprofit organizations participated in semistructured interviews about their opinions and strategies. Data were analyzed using thematic content analysis. The present study identifies specific misperceptions of human trafficking in the media, highlights advocates’ opinions of this misinformation, and discusses advocates’ strategies to counteract inaccurate media, adding support to the role of media advocacy. Advocates note how media images shape and perpetuate stereotypes of trafficking through glamorizing sex work and sensationalizing stories that are most often international depictions of trafficking. Advocates report media generally shares only a piece of the story, simplifying the stories of survivors and the issue of human trafficking. Advocates critique media perpetuating these misperceptions for how they may contribute to policies and programs which fail to address structural factors that create vulnerabilities to be trafficked and the multisystem needs of survivors. However, advocates also note misperceptions can be counteracted by producing sensitive, informed media through social platforms. Advocates share their strategies counteracting misinformation through engaging in informative conversations, utilizing social media to educate, and promoting media messages of survivor agency. Research, clinical, and policy implications are also discussed. The present study emphasizes the importance of decision makers and service providers being critical consumers of media and to assess how media portrayals may (or may not) inform their understanding and response to the issue.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Mona M. Shattell PhD RN FAAN
    • Jaclyn D. Houston-Kolnik PhD
    • Christina Soibatian MA
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • media
    • advocaten
    • Engels
  4. Language English 1 read Shana M. Judge and Blake Boursaw ABSTRACT In this study, we addressed the need for empirical research on human trafficking by compiling unique data relating to criminal charges filed in federal judicial districts and using these da ...

    ABSTRACTIn this study, we addressed the need for empirical research on human trafficking by compiling unique data relating to criminal charges filed in federal judicial districts and using these data to examine trends in sex trafficking-related cases, as well as the impact on those trends of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA). Results from our regression models indicate that the proportion of all charges filed by federal prosecutors that involved sex trafficking and related cases increased significantly between 1994 and 2007. The rate of increase, however, slowed in the time period following the passage of the TVPA, suggesting that the TVPA may have helped to mitigate increases in new cases. In addition, our results show statistically significant inverse relationships between immigration and sex trafficking-related charges filed, providing new evidence to support the possibility that some sex trafficking-related cases may be being prosecuted as immigration cases instead.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Shana M. Judge and Blake Boursaw
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Engels
  5. Language English 2 reads According to this paper a combination of political, cultural, and socioeconomic factors creates a deep level of desperation in Central America. Left with few choices and resources, people are pushed to find alternatives elsewhere. ...

    According to this paper a combination of political, cultural, and socioeconomic factors creates a deep level of desperation in Central America. Left with few choices and resources, people are pushed to find alternatives elsewhere. This environment creates ground for traffickers to perpetrate their crimes. Supply, demand, and impunity together create a space in which trafficking can flourish. Economic globalization and unregulated borders have created conditions that allow organized crime to flow through Central Americas’ borders.

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Colombia
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Mexico
    • Mensenhandel
    • Economisch overleven
    • Armoede
    • Engels
  6. 2 reads Polaris Project Language English This report from Polaris and the Sanar Wellness Institute provides an overview of promising therapeutic support that can be used to enhance individual and group intervention for survivors of all forms of human traf ...

    This report from Polaris and the Sanar Wellness Institute provides an overview of promising therapeutic support that can be used to enhance individual and group intervention for survivors of all forms of human trafficking. Based on the experiences of serving clients in Polaris’s New Jersey office over the past five years, Polaris has found that certain trauma-informed therapeutic supports helped survivors gain resiliency. These interventions include: therapeutic/restorative yoga; expressive arts therapy; and mindfulness and sensory-based practices. Clients have expressed lower levels of stress, increased self-regulation, and strengthened life skills after receiving these therapeutic support interventions. The findings aim to assist social workers, clinicians, mental health counselors, and victims’ service providers in enriching their existing services and increasing trauma-informed supports for survivors of human trafficking.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Polaris Project
    • Trauma
    • Behandeling (gespecialiseerde)
    • Adequate behandeling
    • Behandelmogelijkheden
    • Posttraumatische Stressstoornis (PTSS)
    • Trauma
    • Engels
  7. Taal Engels Abstract: 'To date, limited research has been conducted to assess the impact of various mental health therapeutic treatments, hindering mental healthcare providers’ understanding of which therapeutic methods work best when ...

    Abstract:'To date, limited research has been conducted to assess the impact of various mental health therapeutic treatments, hindering mental healthcare providers’ understanding of which therapeutic methods work best when treating this population. To begin addressing some of the questions regarding mental health treatment, this issue brief examines the evidence-based research for treating common mental health conditions experienced by victims of human trafficking.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Behandeling (gespecialiseerde)
    • Adequate behandeling
    • Behandelmogelijkheden
    • Slachtofferschap
    • Gevolgen mensenhandel
    • Engels
  8. 2 reads Polaris Project Language English This report provides crucial insight into the experiences of these temporary workers in the U.S., the visas most frequently associated with trafficking and exploitation, and the barriers victims face in accessing h ...

    This report provides crucial insight into the experiences of these temporary workers in the U.S., the visas most frequently associated with trafficking and exploitation, and the barriers victims face in accessing help. Temporary visa holders often pay large recruitment and travel fees for the opportunity to work in the United States -- and the debts they incur leave them particularly vulnerable to being victimized. Traffickers can control and manipulate these individuals who have few options, lack familiarity with U.S. laws and rights, and face significant language and cultural barriers. The visa rules also frequently restrict their ability to change employers. But there are solutions, including: prohibiting recruitment fees, requiring accurate contracts, modifying data reporting requirements, registration of foreign labor recruiters, and more.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Polaris Project
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Visa
    • Visadienst
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Engels
  9. 2 reads Language English Abstract: 'This paper explores the health consequences and healthcare experiences of women and girls trafficked in the United States for commercial sex. The paper is based on an original study of over one hundred domestic sex ...

    Abstract:'This paper explores the health consequences and healthcare experiences of women and girls trafficked in the United States for commercial sex. The paper is based on an original study of over one hundred domestic sex trafficking victims and survivors. It provides evidence that women and children who are trafficked into prostitution are physically, mentally, and emotionally devastated by the crime, and this devastation is lasting with injuries, illnesses, and impairments continuing for decades. It illustrates how our healthcare system is failing trafficked women and children. It makes the case that health care providers of all kinds in emergency wards, healthcare clinics, and private practices are seeing trafficking victims but failing to identify them, thereby unwittingly contributing to continuing criminal activity and exacerbating both public and private physical and mental health problems for this segment of the population. It offers recommendations on ways that public policy and healthcare practice can combat sex trafficking by more readily identifying victims and catalyzing rescues. Finally, it argues that law, policy, and protocols must change in order to adequately address the health consequences of sex trafficking.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Zorg
    • Medische omstandigheden
    • Medische zorg
    • Mensenhandel
    • Slachtofferschap
    • Engels
  10. Polaris Project Taal Engels Abstract: Labor trafficking is a form of modern slavery in which individuals are compelled to perform labor or services against their will by means of force, fraud, or coercion. The National Human Trafficking Res ...

    Abstract:Labor trafficking is a form of modern slavery in which individuals are compelled to perform labor or services against their will by means of force, fraud, or coercion. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) hotline and the Polaris BeFree Textline received 419 reports of likely labor trafficking cases involving traveling sales crews between January 2008 and February 2015, more than any other industry except domestic work. This report analyzes data collected from these hotlines, as well as open source data from legal records, government documents, industry experts, news media, and social media.'

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Polaris Project
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Engels

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