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  1. Language Dutch 3 reads States Secretary Department of Justice Tijdens het Algemeen Overleg Mensenhandel en Prostitutie op 26 april 2016 heeft de Minister van Veiligheid en Justitie toegezegd aan de Tweede Kamer dat zij voorafgaand aan het volgende Algemee ...

    Tijdens het Algemeen Overleg Mensenhandel en Prostitutie op 26 april 2016 heeft de Minister van Veiligheid en Justitie toegezegd aan de Tweede Kamer dat zij voorafgaand aan het volgende Algemeen Overleg Vreemdelingen en Asielbeleid een brief zouontvangen met daarin de antwoorden op vragen over verschillende onderwerpen. Met deze brief voldoet de staatssecretaris aan deze toezegging.

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    • Alleenstaande Minderjarige Vreemdeling (AMV)
    • Nederlands
  2. Taal Nederlands Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie Minister van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid (SZW) Antwoord van staatssecretaris Dijkhoff (Veiligheid en Justitie), mede namens de minister van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid (ontvang ...

    Antwoord van staatssecretaris Dijkhoff (Veiligheid en Justitie), mede namens de minister van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid (ontvangen 2 mei 2016) op het bericht dat afgelopen maanden 60 kindbruiden Nederland zijn binnengekomen.

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    • Handelingen
    • Minister van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid (SZW)
    • Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie
    • Alleenstaande Minderjarige Asielzoeker (AMA)
    • Kindbruid
    • Kwetsbare mindejarigen
    • Alleenstaande Minderjarige Vreemdeling (AMV)
    • Kwetsbare minderheidsgroep
    • Minderjarige
    • Nederlands
  3. Language Dutch 3 reads The Freedom Fund Executive summary Since it began in 2011, the conflict in Syria has devastated the lives of millions of men, women and children. Fearing violence and persecution, families have fled their homes to seek safety in oth ...

    Executive summarySince it began in 2011, the conflict in Syria has devastated the lives of millions of men, women and children. Fearing violence and persecution, families have fled their homes to seek safety in other countries in the region and around the globe. Many crossed the border into neighbouring Lebanon. Few would have expected to find themselves forced into slavery.While there are a large number of organisations in Lebanon providing services and support to Syrian refugees, including Palestinian Syrians, efforts to curb the growing incidence of slavery and human trafficking are often uncoordinated, limited in their focus and do not always target those most at risk.This report sets out a pathway to deliver tangible and lasting change. It examines the different ways in which slavery is occurring among Syrian refugees in Lebanon and the multiple factors that combine to force people into situations of slavery. Addressing these risk factors will require the commitment of a broad range of stakeholders, including the Lebanese government, international governments, international organisations, NGOs and donors. Lebanon, which borders Syria to the west, has been at the front line in responding to the humanitarian crisis that has unfolded over the past five years. Given the extensive social, economic and historical ties between the countries, the Lebanese government initially operated an ‘open door’ policy for those fleeing the conflict. Today, one in five people in Lebanon is a refugee from Syria. With more than 1.2 million refugees living within its borders, no other country in the world hosts more refugees on a per capita basis. Such an influx has, however, placed significant stress on the country. As a consequence, the Lebanese government has taken steps to effectively close its borders and, in May 2015, instructed the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to stop registering new refugees from Syria. It has established a sponsorship system to limit the numbers arriving from Syria and has imposed stringent residency renewal regulations. This has left Syrian refugees open to detention and deportation for entering, working and staying in Lebanon without the correct paperwork. These policies have simply exacerbated an already dire humanitarian crisis for Syrian refugees, many of whom live in abject poverty. With no opportunity to work legally, and with children unable to go to school, refugees are forced into desperate situations to simply survive. Syrian refugees often find themselves working in hard, dangerous or exploitative jobs for little or no money. However, with the ever-present risk of detection and deportation, families are increasingly sending their children out to work, as they can pass more freely through the security check points operated by Lebanese authorities. Our study found that slavery of Syrian refugees in Lebanon is a rapidly growing concern, which manifests in the following ways:• Child labour has increased significantly in Lebanon since the start of the conflict in Syria. One leading NGO estimated that between 60 and 70 percent of Syrian refugee children are working, with child labour rates even higher in the Bekaa Valley. There is strong demand among Lebanese employers for child workers and many are pressed into the worst forms of child labour.• Syrian refugee girls are increasingly forced into early marriages, especially in Bekaa Valley, Akkar (north Lebanon). While the family’s decision is commonly made to secure the girl’s economic future, there is a genuine risk that entering a marriage at such a vulnerable age could result in slavery.• Evidence strongly suggests that ‘survival sex’ and sexual exploitation is a growing issue for Syrian and Palestinian Syrian female refugees. Women can be forced or coerced into prostitution or providing ‘sexual favours’ to order to provide food and shelter for their families.• Forced labour is increasingly common as Syrian refugees become more desperate, so much so that it may even constitute the ‘new norm’. With surging prices for food and rent, coupled with the heavy costs associated with residency renewals, refugee families can quickly fall into debt. This leaves them even more vulnerable to exploitation.Despite highly sensational media coverage, we did not find any evidence of organ trafficking. Further, despite several high profile arrests by Lebanese authorities, our study did not find evidence of the facilitation of Syrian refugees across the border into Lebanon for the purpose of exploitation. Slavery and human trafficking should never be condoned or accepted as ‘the norm’. However, unless we act decisively, this is the grave risk facing Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Without  ignificant and determined intervention, the situation will only worsen. This report provides a set of targeted and integrated recommendations to counter slavery and human trafficking of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. The starting point is to ensure that Syrians fleeing conflict and persecution are properly recognised in Lebanon as refugees, that they can legally work and their children can go to school. It is also vital that tackling slavery and human trafficking is a shared priority among every organisation with a responsibility to assist Syrian refugees in the country. There is a paucity of data currently being collected to document slavery and trafficking of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. It is imperative that we improve data collection systems so that reliable information is available to guide the  evelopment of effective interventions. By taking concerted steps to address the factors that contribute to slavery and human trafficking, Lebanon will be better placed to manage the prolonged humanitarian crisis. It will also develop institutions, laws and policies that are more closely aligned with international human rights standards. This will deliver benefits for everyone within its borders and make it an example to other countries responding to the current refugee crisis.

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    • The Freedom Fund
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    • Sexual exploitation
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    • Syrië
    • Gedwongen prostitutie
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • labour exploitation
    • Seksuele uitbuiting
    • Nederlands
  4. Taal Engels Chils marriage in South Asia: International and constitutional legal standards and jurisprudence for promoting accountability and change.This briefing paper is published by The Center for Reproductive Reights (2013). The law is ...

    Chils marriage in South Asia: International and constitutional legal standards and jurisprudence for promoting accountability and change.This briefing paper is published by The Center for Reproductive Reights (2013).The law is a critical starting point for the elimination of child marriage in South Asia. Significant gaps and inconsistencies in, as well as poor implementation of,existing laws have left girls vulnerable to grave violations of their human rights and constitutional rights arising from child marriage, including their reproductive rights and the right to be free from sexual violence. Where governments fail to ensure effective legal frameworks for the elimination of child marriage, as well as the provision of access to reproductive health care and legal remedies to already-married girls, they are complicit in the resulting harms to girls’ lives and well-being that arise from early pregnancy and sexual violence. Human rights law is clear that governments must address impunity where violations of these rights occur, including by ensuring accountability when child marriages are performed. National constitutions in countries across the region provide a firm legal basis for accountability and legal protection. Implementation of laws prohibiting child marriage must come along with broader efforts to remove legal barriers that make girls vulnerable to child marriage and deny those trapped in such marriages meaningful legal remedies. Importantly, governments must take concrete steps to improve the overall status of girls in society by ensuring respect for their dignity and legal rights.

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    • Engels
  5. Taal Engels Anti-Slavery International This report (2013), prepared by Anti-Slavery International, sheds light on the striking links between slavery and slavery-like practices and many child marriages. Nationally, governments must take urge ...

    This report (2013), prepared by Anti-Slavery International, sheds light on the striking links between slavery and slavery-like practices and many child marriages.Nationally, governments must take urgent action to meet their obligations to end slavery through marriage. They must implement international slavery standards where they relate to child marriage and take their commitments to the right to marry more seriously, especially in safe guarding free and full consent to marriage and setting a legal minimum age for marriage, ideally at 18 years old. Better law enforcement should reduce the most obvious slavery and slavery-like practices by punishing and deterring perpetrators, and alerting vulnerable communities to the risk that offers to organise marriages can be a cover for trafficking.

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    • Rapporten
    • Anti-Slavery International
    • Kindhuwelijk
    • Kindhuwelijk
    • Kindbruid
    • Slavernij
    • Engels
  6. Taal Engels Plan This report is published by the Royal Commonwealth Society (RCS) and Plan International UK (2015).   Child marriage continues to be a barrier to girls claiming their rights in the Commonwealth, and prevalence is higher here ...

    This report is published by the Royal Commonwealth Society (RCS) and Plan International UK (2015). Child marriage continues to be a barrier to girls claiming their rights in the Commonwealth, and prevalence is higher here than the global average. High-level policy shifts have not led to change on the ground and greater action is required to end child marriage. Education has proved to have a strong correlation with lower rates of child marriage, and Ministries of Education are well placed to support interventions to end child marriage. One key aspect of a holistic, and integrated approach to ending child marriage is to ensure all girls and boys access and complete an inclusive, quality education. Education Stakeholders must work in a more holistic way to ensure all children access and complete a quality education which helps to prevent child marriage, including by working more effectively with other service providers, and creating stronger connections with families and communities.

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    • Plan
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  7. 26 nov 2015

    Taal Engels Vows of Poverty, 26 Countries Where Child Marriage Eclipses Girls' Education: A Snapshot of Causes, Solutions and Ways to Help.This report is published by Care USA (2015).   Child marriage doesn’t limit itself to a particul ...

    Vows of Poverty, 26 Countries Where Child Marriage Eclipses Girls' Education: A Snapshot of Causes, Solutions and Ways to Help.This report is published by Care USA (2015). Child marriage doesn’t limit itself to a particular culture, region or religion. It is global, and its reasons are many and complex. One common, cross-cutting issue is gender inequality — the second-class status assigned to girls and women in many societies. And one contributing factor that similarly transcends culture, region and religion is poverty, whose many expressions lead to, and intersect with, the practice. Addressing the root causes of child marriage is necessary if families, communities, nations and the world hope to end it for good and for all.  

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  8. Taal Engels Equality Now This report is published by Equality Now (2014). Child marriage legitimizes human rights violations and abuses of girls under the guise of culture, honor, tradition, and religion. It continues a sequence of discrimi ...

    This report is published by Equality Now (2014).Child marriage legitimizes human rights violations and abuses of girls under the guise of culture, honor, tradition, and religion. It continues a sequence of discrimination that begins at a girl’s birth and is reinforced in her community, in her marriage and which continues throughout her entire life. Child marriage, therefore, is a way of dealing with the perceived problems that girls represent for families, the problems that arise from the low value given to women and girls. Child marriage is a problem directly affecting approximately 14 million girls a year and indirectly affecting many more girls and boys, women and men. It is a global human rights and development issue that has a disproportionate impact on girls. It is a cross-cutting human rights issue affecting children’s and women’s rights to health, education, equality, non-discrimination, and to live free from violence and exploitation, including slavery and servitude. It requires a holistic and comprehensive response by States working in collaboration and partnership with a range of stakeholders.

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    • Equality Now
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    • Kindhuwelijk
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    • Engels
  9. Taal Engels This is a report published by the United Nations Population Fund (2012). Child marriage is a human rights abuse. It constitutes a grave threat to young girls’ lives, health and future prospects. Marriage for girls can lead to co ...

    This is a report published by the United Nations Population Fund (2012).Child marriage is a human rights abuse. It constitutes a grave threat to young girls’ lives, health and future prospects. Marriage for girls can lead to complications related to pregnancy and childbirth, and in developing countries these are the main causes of death among 15–19 year-old girls. Girls who are married are also exposed to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. For a girl, marriage can mean the end of her education, can set aside her chances of a vocation or career, and can steal from her foundational life choices.Ending child marriage will help countries reach the Millennium Development Goals, and should be a high priority in the post-2015 development agenda. Each country should collect and analyze its own data to help target geographic “hotspot” areas where high proportions and numbers of girls are at risk. Policies and programmes should be designed accordingly. Policies are needed across sectors to delay marriage, including raising the legal minimum age at marriage to 18, ensuring that girls go to school and attend beyond primary level, addressing underlying factors perpetuating the practice, identifying alternatives and creating opportunities for girls, and reaching out to communities to support these moves. Girls need, education, health, social and livelihood skills to become fully empowered citizens. Most immediately important is helping already married girls to avoid early pregnancy and when pregnant have access to appropriate care during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum (including access to family planning).

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  10. Taal Nederlands Staatssecretaris V&J Antwoord van Staatssecretaris Dijhoff op de vragen van het lid Kuiken (PVDA) over Syrische kindbruiden in asielzoekerscentra (ingezonden 1 oktober 2015).   Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal 2 Vergader ...

    Antwoord van Staatssecretaris Dijhoff op de vragen van het lid Kuiken (PVDA) over Syrische kindbruiden in asielzoekerscentra (ingezonden 1 oktober 2015). 

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    • Asielzoekerscentrum (AZC)
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