• Kindhuwelijk
  • 2016
Resultaten 1 - 5 van totaal 5 resultaten
  1. Language Dutch 3 reads States Secretary Department of Justice Tijdens het Algemeen Overleg Mensenhandel en Prostitutie op 26 april 2016 heeft de Minister van Veiligheid en Justitie toegezegd aan de Tweede Kamer dat zij voorafgaand aan het volgende Algemee ...

    Tijdens het Algemeen Overleg Mensenhandel en Prostitutie op 26 april 2016 heeft de Minister van Veiligheid en Justitie toegezegd aan de Tweede Kamer dat zij voorafgaand aan het volgende Algemeen Overleg Vreemdelingen en Asielbeleid een brief zouontvangen met daarin de antwoorden op vragen over verschillende onderwerpen. Met deze brief voldoet de staatssecretaris aan deze toezegging.

    Overheidspublicaties

    • Kamerstukken
    • Staatssecretaris V&J
    • Kindhuwelijk
    • Kindbruid
    • Minderjarigen
    • Huwelijksdwang
    • Europol
    • Alleenstaande Minderjarige Vreemdeling (AMV)
    • Nederlands
  2. Taal Nederlands Sentenza storica nello Zimbabwe. NO alle spose bambine. Un passo storico per mettere fine ai matrimoni precoci in Zimbabwe. La corte costituzionale ha infatti sancito come età minima legale per sposarsi i 18 anni, descrivend ...

    Sentenza storica nello Zimbabwe. NO alle spose bambine. Un passo storico per mettere fine ai matrimoni precoci in Zimbabwe.La corte costituzionale ha infatti sancito come età minima legale per sposarsi i 18 anni, descrivendo il paragrafo 22 della Legge sui Matrimoni anticostituzionale e deliberando che «nessuna persona – ragazzo o ragazza – deve sposarsi prima del 18° anno di età». Un fenomeno quello delle spose bambine che nel paese tocca il 31% delle minori. La sentenza è la conclusione di un lungo caso giudiziario iniziato nel 2015, quando due giovani ex spose, Loveness Mudzuru and Ruvimbo Tsopodzi, hanno chiesto alla Corte Costituzionale di prendere in considerazione le loro storie. Ora la corte ha deliberato che altri matrimoni illegittimi che hanno avuto luogo per motivi culturali o religiosi sono considerati anticostituzionali.

    Publicaties

    • Persberichten
    • Zimbabwe
    • Kindhuwelijk
    • spose bambini
    • sposi precoci
    • Kindhuwelijk
    • Italiaans
  3. Language Dutch 3 reads The Freedom Fund Executive summary Since it began in 2011, the conflict in Syria has devastated the lives of millions of men, women and children. Fearing violence and persecution, families have fled their homes to seek safety in oth ...

    Executive summarySince it began in 2011, the conflict in Syria has devastated the lives of millions of men, women and children. Fearing violence and persecution, families have fled their homes to seek safety in other countries in the region and around the globe. Many crossed the border into neighbouring Lebanon. Few would have expected to find themselves forced into slavery.While there are a large number of organisations in Lebanon providing services and support to Syrian refugees, including Palestinian Syrians, efforts to curb the growing incidence of slavery and human trafficking are often uncoordinated, limited in their focus and do not always target those most at risk.This report sets out a pathway to deliver tangible and lasting change. It examines the different ways in which slavery is occurring among Syrian refugees in Lebanon and the multiple factors that combine to force people into situations of slavery. Addressing these risk factors will require the commitment of a broad range of stakeholders, including the Lebanese government, international governments, international organisations, NGOs and donors. Lebanon, which borders Syria to the west, has been at the front line in responding to the humanitarian crisis that has unfolded over the past five years. Given the extensive social, economic and historical ties between the countries, the Lebanese government initially operated an ‘open door’ policy for those fleeing the conflict. Today, one in five people in Lebanon is a refugee from Syria. With more than 1.2 million refugees living within its borders, no other country in the world hosts more refugees on a per capita basis. Such an influx has, however, placed significant stress on the country. As a consequence, the Lebanese government has taken steps to effectively close its borders and, in May 2015, instructed the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to stop registering new refugees from Syria. It has established a sponsorship system to limit the numbers arriving from Syria and has imposed stringent residency renewal regulations. This has left Syrian refugees open to detention and deportation for entering, working and staying in Lebanon without the correct paperwork. These policies have simply exacerbated an already dire humanitarian crisis for Syrian refugees, many of whom live in abject poverty. With no opportunity to work legally, and with children unable to go to school, refugees are forced into desperate situations to simply survive. Syrian refugees often find themselves working in hard, dangerous or exploitative jobs for little or no money. However, with the ever-present risk of detection and deportation, families are increasingly sending their children out to work, as they can pass more freely through the security check points operated by Lebanese authorities. Our study found that slavery of Syrian refugees in Lebanon is a rapidly growing concern, which manifests in the following ways:• Child labour has increased significantly in Lebanon since the start of the conflict in Syria. One leading NGO estimated that between 60 and 70 percent of Syrian refugee children are working, with child labour rates even higher in the Bekaa Valley. There is strong demand among Lebanese employers for child workers and many are pressed into the worst forms of child labour.• Syrian refugee girls are increasingly forced into early marriages, especially in Bekaa Valley, Akkar (north Lebanon). While the family’s decision is commonly made to secure the girl’s economic future, there is a genuine risk that entering a marriage at such a vulnerable age could result in slavery.• Evidence strongly suggests that ‘survival sex’ and sexual exploitation is a growing issue for Syrian and Palestinian Syrian female refugees. Women can be forced or coerced into prostitution or providing ‘sexual favours’ to order to provide food and shelter for their families.• Forced labour is increasingly common as Syrian refugees become more desperate, so much so that it may even constitute the ‘new norm’. With surging prices for food and rent, coupled with the heavy costs associated with residency renewals, refugee families can quickly fall into debt. This leaves them even more vulnerable to exploitation.Despite highly sensational media coverage, we did not find any evidence of organ trafficking. Further, despite several high profile arrests by Lebanese authorities, our study did not find evidence of the facilitation of Syrian refugees across the border into Lebanon for the purpose of exploitation. Slavery and human trafficking should never be condoned or accepted as ‘the norm’. However, unless we act decisively, this is the grave risk facing Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Without  ignificant and determined intervention, the situation will only worsen. This report provides a set of targeted and integrated recommendations to counter slavery and human trafficking of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. The starting point is to ensure that Syrians fleeing conflict and persecution are properly recognised in Lebanon as refugees, that they can legally work and their children can go to school. It is also vital that tackling slavery and human trafficking is a shared priority among every organisation with a responsibility to assist Syrian refugees in the country. There is a paucity of data currently being collected to document slavery and trafficking of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. It is imperative that we improve data collection systems so that reliable information is available to guide the  evelopment of effective interventions. By taking concerted steps to address the factors that contribute to slavery and human trafficking, Lebanon will be better placed to manage the prolonged humanitarian crisis. It will also develop institutions, laws and policies that are more closely aligned with international human rights standards. This will deliver benefits for everyone within its borders and make it an example to other countries responding to the current refugee crisis.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • The Freedom Fund
    • Kindhuwelijk
    • Kindbruid
    • Sexual exploitation
    • Vluchtelingen
    • Syrië
    • Gedwongen prostitutie
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • labour exploitation
    • Seksuele uitbuiting
    • Nederlands
  4. Taal Nederlands Harvard FXB Center Executive Summary Manav Sansadhan Evam Mahila Vikas Sansthan (MSEMVS) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) that has worked for decades with communities in the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh (UP) to erad ...

    Executive SummaryManav Sansadhan Evam Mahila Vikas Sansthan (MSEMVS) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) that has worked for decades with communities in the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh (UP) to eradicate forced and bonded labor. These communities are home to some of the most economically disenfranchised and vulnerable populations in India. Community members are employed in local agriculture, carpet and brick industries, widely recognized hubs for exploitative and abusive labor conditions. To assist the local community in combating these conditions, MSEMVS utilizes a community empowerment model that enables community groups to identify their own key priorities. MESEMS helps them take steps to achieve those changes by developing education opportunities, generating alternative labor training in new skill sets, increasing an understanding of legal rights and providing legal support, and linking these groups together to achieve changes across a wider area. This report is an independent, evidence-based assessment of MSEMVS’s work, produced by the FXB Center, Harvard’s only university-wide human rights center, with funding from the Freedom Fund, a philanthropic initiative designed to bring financial resources and strategic focus to the fight against modern slavery. The Delhi-based Institute for Human Development (IHD), an organization with extensive experience conducting research and evaluation studies, provided technical input and conducted the field-level data collection.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Harvard FXB Center
    • Huwelijkse gevangenschap
    • Gedwongen huwelijk/Huwelijksdwang
    • Kindhuwelijk
    • Nederlands
  5. Language Dutch 151 reads Dutch Parliament In opdracht van de Directie Integratie en Samenleving van het ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid heeft de Universiteit Maastricht samen met het Verwey- Jonker Instituut een onderzoek uitgevoerd naar i ...

    In opdracht van de Directie Integratie en Samenleving van het ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid heeft de Universiteit Maastricht samen met het Verwey- Jonker Instituut een onderzoek uitgevoerd naar informele (kind)huwelijken. Het onderzoek schetst een beeld van de aard en omvang van kindhuwelijken en (onwettige) religieuze huwelijken in Nederland.Het doel van dit onderzoek is zicht te krijgen op de aard en omvang van kindhuwelijken en (onwettige) religieuze huwelijken die worden gesloten binnen bepaalde gemeenschappen. Meer specifiek gezegd, kent het onderzoek het volgende tweeledig doel:a. Verwerven van inzicht in de wijze waarop religieuze huwelijken en kindhuwelijken in Nederland plaatsvinden: Wat gebeurt er, hoe gebeurt het, waar gebeurt het (in Nederland of in het buitenland), waarom gebeurt het zo en wat zijn de gevolgen van deze huwelijken?b. Nagaan of kindhuwelijken en onwettige religieuze huwelijken in Nederland voorkomen, in welke omvang, en wat je eraan kun doen om dit te voorkomen of om deze huwelijkssituaties beter te beschermen."

    Overheidspublicaties

    • Overheidspublicaties
    • Tweede Kamer
    • Onderdrukking
    • Huwelijksdwang
    • Religieuze huwelijk
    • Kindhuwelijk
    • Nederlands