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  1. Taal Engels Abstract: 'This study explored the psychological coercion of trafficking in human person, antecedents such as causes, psychological coercion and processes and psychosocial consequences. We adopted Victimological paradigm wh ...

    Abstract:'This study explored the psychological coercion of trafficking in human person, antecedents such as causes, psychological coercion and processes and psychosocial consequences. We adopted Victimological paradigm which explains why some people are more vulnerable to victimization than others through victim-trafficker relationship, repeat victimization and role of lifestyle in victimization risk. The study presented causes of trafficking in human persons as the desire to migrate. The tendency to migrate may be precipitated by poverty, oppression, lack of human rights, lack of social or economic opportunity, dangers from conflict or instability. Political instability, militarism, civil unrest, internal armed conflict and natural disasters could result to desire to migrate. We presented psychological coercion as the means of obtaining initial victim and posited that this instills psychological disorders, for example depression, absence of emotional reactions, anxiety disorder, self-blame, helplessness or hopelessness, nightmare, suicidal ideation, paranoia, anger and rage control problems, psychoactive substance and alcohol abuse, dissociative disorders and host of others (Kornzinski, 2013). The psychological processes involve recruitment, initiation and indoctrination and were applied to obtain, maintain and gain control over the victims. Trafficking in human person has negative psychosocial consequences in its entirety. Psychosocial consequences of trafficking in human persons varied with undermining the extended family ties, and in many cases, the forced absence of women leads to the breakdown of families and neglect of children and the aged (Danailova-Trainor & Laczko 2010). The study concluded that the traffickers and the victim of trafficking need rehabilitation and recommended cognitive therapy for necessary rehabilitation.'

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