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  • Publicaties
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  • Engels
  • 2017

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Resultaten 1 - 10 van totaal 16 resultaten
  1. Taal Engels   Report by UNICEF and International Organization for Migration (IOM)   Summary: "For children and youth on the move via the Mediterranean Sea routes to Europe, the journey is marked by high levels of abuse, trafficking and ...

     Report by UNICEF and International Organization for Migration (IOM) Summary: "For children and youth on the move via the Mediterranean Sea routes to Europe, the journey is marked by high levels of abuse, trafficking and exploitation. Some are more vulnerable than others: those travelling alone, those with low levels of education and those undertaking longer journeys." This UNICEF and International Organization for Migration (IOM) analysis gives insight in the journeys of 11,000 migrant and refuge children as recorded in their responses to the Displacement Tracking Matrix Flow Monitoring Surveys conducted by IOM along the Central and Eastern Mediterranean routes to Europe in 2016 and 2017. Where the analysis reveals that adolescents and youth on the move are more vulnerable to trafficking and exploitation than adults, these risks are particularly high for those who move from sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, it turns out that adolescents and youth who travel alone are also at higher risk of trafficking and exploitation. The analysis also shows that adolescents with lower levels of education are more vulnerable to trafficking and exploitation. To emphasize the urgent need of action in a world with a growing number of migrants, the following is addressed:    "To protect the most vulnerable among those on the move, UNICEF and IOM call for a multi-pronged strategy that addresses the interplay of factors that expose migrant and refugee children and youth to risk – or help keep them safe. Such a strategy includes expanding safe and regular migration channels to dampen the demand for smugglers, while fighting trafficking and exploitation. To enhance the resilience and protect the rights of children and youth, it entails investing in education and other basic services, coordinating child protection efforts across countries, and fighting racism and xenophobia in the countries migrants and refugees travel through and the ones in which they seek to make their lives."   

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • Migration
    • Children
    • youth
    • Unicef
    • trafficking
    • exploitation
    • IOM
    • Engels
  2. Taal Engels United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) From executive summary:   Millions of children are on the move across international borders – fleeing violence and conflict, disaster or poverty, in pursuit of a better life. Hundreds ...

    From executive summary: Millions of children are on the move across international borders – fleeing violence and conflict, disaster or poverty, in pursuit of a better life. Hundreds of thousands move on their own. When they encounter few opportunities to move legally, children resort to dangerous routes and engage smugglers to help them cross borders. Serious gaps in the laws, policies and services meant to protect children on the move further leave them bereft of protection and care. Deprived, unprotected, and often alone, children on the move can become easy prey for traffickers and others who abuse and exploit them.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • International
    • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
    • Violence Against Children
    • Child Sexual Abuse
    • Child Sexual Exploitation
    • Migrant Children
    • Engels
  3. Language English 1 read Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Annex to the Response of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the list of issues (CAT/C/NLD/QPR/7) transmitted to the State Party under the optional reporting pro ...

    Annex to the Response of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the list of issues (CAT/C/NLD/QPR/7) transmitted to the State Party under the optional reporting procedure (A/62/44, paras. 23 and 24)

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Netherlands
    • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Torture
    • Human Rights
    • Engels
  4. Taal Engels FXB Center for Health and Human Rights Harvard University From executive summary:   The present study analyzes the risk factors responsible for the exposure of migrant and refugee children to physical, psychological, and sexual ...

    From executive summary: The present study analyzes the risk factors responsible for the exposure of migrant and refugee children to physical, psychological, and sexual violence and exploitation in Greece in the context of the ongoing migrant humanitarian crisis. It documents sexual and physical abuse of children inside migrant camps and reports new information about the commercial sexual exploitation of migrant children in the main cities of Greece. This research also explores the existing gaps and challenges in intervention efforts that contribute to victimization of migrant children.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Greece
    • Harvard University
    • FXB Center for Health and Human Rights
    • Child Sexual Abuse
    • Child Sexual Exploitation
    • Health
    • Human Rights
    • Migrant Children
    • Engels
  5. Taal Engels James Cockayne United Nations University Abstract by author:   Human trafficking is both illegal and big business. The International Labour Organization estimates that forced labour, one of the forms of exploitation into which h ...

    Abstract by author: Human trafficking is both illegal and big business. The International Labour Organization estimates that forced labour, one of the forms of exploitation into which humans are trafficked, generates $150 billion a year in revenues, while the Global Slavery Index suggests there may be as many as 45.8 million people enslaved today. Most of the victims are women and girls. The funds generated by human trafficking are proceeds of crime. Handling those funds can constitute money laundering or, in certain cases where designated terrorist organizations are involved, terrorist financing. Financial institutions that handle funds generated by human trafficking and modern slavery, or that finance businesses that engage in these crimes, thus risk violating a range of existing laws and norms, especially in the area of anti-money laundering (AML) and countering the financing of terrorism (CFT). To help industry actors and regulators think through their options for disrupting ties between the financial sector and human trafficking and modern slavery, UN University convened a workshop at Grace Farms in New Canaan, Connecticut, with the support of the Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the United Nations. Participants identified three main areas for action: strengthening sectoral knowledge uptake; improving regulation and encouraging leadership; and promoting information partnerships.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • International
    • James Cockayne
    • United Nations University
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • modern slavery
    • financial sector
    • Engels
  6. Taal Engels Laura Cordisco Tsai Ivy Flor Seballos-Llena Rabia Ann Castellano-Datta Abstract: Survivors of human trafficking often experience considerable financial difficulties upon exiting human trafficking, including pressure to provide f ...

    Abstract:Survivors of human trafficking often experience considerable financial difficulties upon exiting human trafficking, including pressure to provide financially for their families, challenges securing employment, lack of savings, and familial debt. Few evaluations have been conducted of reintegration support interventions addressing financial vulnerability among trafficking survivors. In this article, we present findings from a participatory assessment of the BARUG program, a matched savings and financial capability program for survivors of human trafficking and their family members in the Philippines. Photovoice was used to understand the experiences of two cohorts of BARUG participants. Survivors collaborated with research team members in conducting thematic analysis of transcripts from the photovoice sessions. Themes included: the positive emotional impact of financial wellness, overcoming the challenges of saving, applying financial management skills in daily decision making, developing a habit of savings, building a future-oriented mindset, receiving guidance and enlightenment, the learning process, and the change process. Findings reinforce the importance of interventions to support trafficked persons and their family members in getting out of debt and accumulating emergency savings, while also providing emotional support to survivors in coping with family financial pressures. The study also highlights the value of using participatory research methods to understand the experiences of trafficked persons.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Laura Cordisco Tsai
    • Ivy Flor Seballos-Llena
    • Rabia Ann Castellano-Datta
    • Human Trafficking Survivors
    • Engels
  7. Taal Engels Jasmine-Kim Westendorf Louise Searle International Affairs (2017) 93 (2): 365-387. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iix001 Published: 01 March 2017   Abstract by authors:   In 2013, a UN investigation declared sexual exploitation ...

    International Affairs (2017) 93 (2): 365-387.DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iix001Published: 01 March 2017 Abstract by authors: In 2013, a UN investigation declared sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) ‘the most significant risk to UN peacekeeping missions’. The exploitation and abuse of women and children by peacekeepers, aid workers, private contractors and other interveners has become ubiquitous to peace operations, ranging from rape to transactional sex, sex trafficking, prostitution and pornography. This article investigates the causes of SEA by interveners, and the development of policy responses undertaken by the UN and the international humanitarian community to prevent and ensure accountability for SEA. We argue that use of the umbrella term ‘SEA’, while helpful in distinguishing such behaviour from other forms of abuse, obscures the significant differences in the form, function and causes of the behaviours that fall under it, and we develop an account of the dominant forms SEA takes, based on survivor testimony, in order to better understand why policy responses have been ineffective. Our analysis of global policies around SEA demonstrates that it is dealt with as a discrete form of misbehaviour that occurs on an individual level and can be addressed through largely information-based training processes that inform personnel of its prohibition but fail to engage them in discussions of the local, international, normative, systemic and structural factors that give rise to it. We identify the structural and bureaucratic pressures that have contributed to the narrowing of approach regarding SEA to focus on individual compliance rather than the more complex set of factors at play, and which have undermined the effectiveness of policies globally.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • International
    • Jasmine-Kim Westendorf
    • Louise Searle
    • Sexual Abuse
    • Gender
    • Sexual exploitation
    • Engels
  8. Taal Engels Michelle Lefevre Kristine Hickle Barry Luckock Gillian Ruch The British Journal of Social Work bcw181. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcw181 Published: 14 February 2017   Abstract by authors:   Research with children and youn ...

    The British Journal of Social Work bcw181.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcw181Published: 14 February 2017 Abstract by authors: Research with children and young people at risk of child sexual exploitation (CSE) has highlighted that professionals need to engage children in relationships of trust if they are to be most successful in enabling children to explore and address risky behaviours, situations and relationships. More needs to be understood about professional approaches to building such trusting relationships, particularly when children feel (often with good cause) that professionals are not always able to balance their need for protection and guidance with their right to a voice and to make agentic choices about their own lives. This paper draws on interim findings from a two-year realist evaluation study funded by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner in England into the implementation and evaluation of a new child-centred framework for working with CSE , ‘See Me, Hear Me’, within three pilot local authority sites in different regions of England. A survey and qualitative interviews reveal how professionals from a range of disciplines draw on their knowledge, skills, personal qualities and values to develop trust. Key themes for effective practice were relationship-based practice, an ethically grounded approach, child-centred, and being skilled and knowledgeable in relation to working with CSE.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • United Kingdom
    • Michelle Lefevre
    • Kristine Hickle
    • Barry Luckock
    • Gillian Ruch
    • Child Sexual Exploitation
    • Engels
  9. Taal Engels Howard Dubowitz Abstract by author: The view of what constitutes child abuse and neglect is dependent on the laws, cultural context, local thresholds and the availability. Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention ...

    Abstract by author:The view of what constitutes child abuse and neglect is dependent on the laws, cultural context, local thresholds and the availability. Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) has conducted surveillance of child maltreatment and child protection every two years, published in World Perspectives on Child Abuse. It is hoped that up to date information will inform the development of laws, policies and programs to better address child abuse and neglect. This article is based on data on child sexual abuse and exploitation from 73 countries gathered online in 2015-16 for the 12 edition of World Perspectives. Respondents were key informants who were knowledgeable professionals in the child protection field. They were encouraged to consult with colleagues so as to provide accurate information. Countries were grouped into different regions of the world and into income level categories. The findings focus on definitions of abuse and neglect, laws, policies and programs to address and prevent maltreatment and barriers to prevention. It is evident that there is considerable variability across regions and country income categories, and that programs and services need to be considerably strengthened, even in high income countries.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • International
    • Howard Dubowitz
    • Child Sexual Abuse
    • Child Sexual Exploitation
    • Prevention
    • Engels
  10. Taal Engels Osita Agbu Chinyere Rita Agu AGBU, Osita; AGU, Chinyere Rita. SEX TRAFICKING AND VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN NIGERIA. Social Science Research, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, feb. 2017. Available at: < http://aphriapub.com/index.php/SSR ...

    AGBU, Osita; AGU, Chinyere Rita. SEX TRAFICKING AND VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN NIGERIA. Social Science Research, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, feb. 2017. Available at: <http://aphriapub.com/index.php/SSR/article/view/8>.Abstract by authors:This article examines the problem of sex trafficking and violence against children in Nigeria, focusing on the causes and legal remedies available; as often times, the public is ignorant of the existing remedies and the magnitude of the problem. It conceptually clarifies its position on who actually is a child? And what is meant when we discuss sex trafficking as this relates to children. In outlining the legal and policy remedies for the protection of children against sex trafficking and violence, the article outlines and distinguishes between national, regional and international legal frameworks and remedies, and finally discussed and espoused the possible remedies embodied in the existing frameworks in Nigeria. The challenges encountered are also discussed and recommendations proffered for addressing this serious national, as well as global problem of the 21st century.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Nigeria
    • Osita Agbu
    • Chinyere Rita Agu
    • Sex Trafficking
    • Violence Against Children
    • Child Rights
    • Child Protection
    • Engels

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