Trefwoord

Organisatie

  • Publicaties
  • Lijst van organisaties
  • 2017

Pagina's

Resultaten 31 - 40 van totaal 46 resultaten
  1. Taal Engels Michelle Lefevre Kristine Hickle Barry Luckock Gillian Ruch The British Journal of Social Work bcw181. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcw181 Published: 14 February 2017   Abstract by authors:   Research with children and youn ...

    The British Journal of Social Work bcw181.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcw181Published: 14 February 2017 Abstract by authors: Research with children and young people at risk of child sexual exploitation (CSE) has highlighted that professionals need to engage children in relationships of trust if they are to be most successful in enabling children to explore and address risky behaviours, situations and relationships. More needs to be understood about professional approaches to building such trusting relationships, particularly when children feel (often with good cause) that professionals are not always able to balance their need for protection and guidance with their right to a voice and to make agentic choices about their own lives. This paper draws on interim findings from a two-year realist evaluation study funded by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner in England into the implementation and evaluation of a new child-centred framework for working with CSE , ‘See Me, Hear Me’, within three pilot local authority sites in different regions of England. A survey and qualitative interviews reveal how professionals from a range of disciplines draw on their knowledge, skills, personal qualities and values to develop trust. Key themes for effective practice were relationship-based practice, an ethically grounded approach, child-centred, and being skilled and knowledgeable in relation to working with CSE.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • United Kingdom
    • Michelle Lefevre
    • Kristine Hickle
    • Barry Luckock
    • Gillian Ruch
    • Child Sexual Exploitation
    • Engels
  2. Taal Engels Howard Dubowitz Abstract by author: The view of what constitutes child abuse and neglect is dependent on the laws, cultural context, local thresholds and the availability. Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention ...

    Abstract by author:The view of what constitutes child abuse and neglect is dependent on the laws, cultural context, local thresholds and the availability. Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) has conducted surveillance of child maltreatment and child protection every two years, published in World Perspectives on Child Abuse. It is hoped that up to date information will inform the development of laws, policies and programs to better address child abuse and neglect. This article is based on data on child sexual abuse and exploitation from 73 countries gathered online in 2015-16 for the 12 edition of World Perspectives. Respondents were key informants who were knowledgeable professionals in the child protection field. They were encouraged to consult with colleagues so as to provide accurate information. Countries were grouped into different regions of the world and into income level categories. The findings focus on definitions of abuse and neglect, laws, policies and programs to address and prevent maltreatment and barriers to prevention. It is evident that there is considerable variability across regions and country income categories, and that programs and services need to be considerably strengthened, even in high income countries.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • International
    • Howard Dubowitz
    • Child Sexual Abuse
    • Child Sexual Exploitation
    • Prevention
    • Engels
  3. Taal Engels Osita Agbu Chinyere Rita Agu AGBU, Osita; AGU, Chinyere Rita. SEX TRAFICKING AND VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN NIGERIA. Social Science Research, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, feb. 2017. Available at: < http://aphriapub.com/index.php/SSR ...

    AGBU, Osita; AGU, Chinyere Rita. SEX TRAFICKING AND VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN IN NIGERIA. Social Science Research, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, feb. 2017. Available at: <http://aphriapub.com/index.php/SSR/article/view/8>.Abstract by authors:This article examines the problem of sex trafficking and violence against children in Nigeria, focusing on the causes and legal remedies available; as often times, the public is ignorant of the existing remedies and the magnitude of the problem. It conceptually clarifies its position on who actually is a child? And what is meant when we discuss sex trafficking as this relates to children. In outlining the legal and policy remedies for the protection of children against sex trafficking and violence, the article outlines and distinguishes between national, regional and international legal frameworks and remedies, and finally discussed and espoused the possible remedies embodied in the existing frameworks in Nigeria. The challenges encountered are also discussed and recommendations proffered for addressing this serious national, as well as global problem of the 21st century.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Nigeria
    • Osita Agbu
    • Chinyere Rita Agu
    • Sex Trafficking
    • Violence Against Children
    • Child Rights
    • Child Protection
    • Engels
  4. Taal Engels 3 Norah Hashim Msuya Msuya, Norah Hashim (2017) "Tradition and Culture in Africa: Practices that Facilitate Trafficking of Women and Children," Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence: Vol. 2: Iss. 1, Art ...

    Msuya, Norah Hashim (2017) "Tradition and Culture in Africa: Practices that Facilitate Trafficking of Women and Children," Dignity:A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence: Vol. 2: Iss. 1, Article 3.DOI: 10.23860/dignity.2017.02.01.03 Abstract by author: Many states in Africa have adopted legislative, administrative and institutional measures to combat trafficking in human beings. These measures include, among other things, the formulation and implementation of both national and regional action plans by African states to provide for comprehensive and coordinated interventions. Many African countries have also enacted an anti-trafficking legislation at the country level. Despite these measures, African women and children have been trafficked annually worldwide for purposes of forced labor, sexual exploitation, and domestic servitude. Additionally, women and children are trafficked within their countries from rural to urban areas. Misconception and abuse of African tradition and culture have been one of the underlying root causes of human trafficking. Cultural practices, such as forcing young girls into ritual servitude, Trokosi (slaves to the Gods), Wahaya (fifth wife), Ukuthwala (kidnapping girls for marriage), payments of dowry, male dominance, female genital cutting, witchcraft, and child marriage, perpetuate the crime of human trafficking. Some women and young girls in Africa, many of whom migrate from rural to urban areas, find themselves compelled by these cultural beliefs to leave their home and family. This crime has been taking place imperceptibly for a long time. More often than not, incidents have been reported, and charges such as statutory rape and kidnapping are filed against the perpetrators, without authorities knowing that they constitute the offense of trafficking. Although most African traditions and cultural practices are positive when they are distorted and abused, they perpetuate serious problems like trafficking.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Africa
    • Norah Hashim Msuya
    • Engels
  5. Taal Nederlands 3 Maite Verhoeven Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam WODC Uit Nederlandse Samenvatting WODC:   In Nederland is het verrichten van sekswerk een legale en gereguleerde manier om geld te verdienen. Sommige sekswerkers worden echter ge ...

    Uit Nederlandse Samenvatting WODC: In Nederland is het verrichten van sekswerk een legale en gereguleerde manier om geld te verdienen. Sommige sekswerkers worden echter gemanipuleerd, misleid of gedwongen om dit werk te doen of om hun geld af te geven. Dit misdrijf, de uitbuiting van sekswerkers, heet mensenhandel. De aanpak van mensenhandel in de seksindustrie is een prioriteit van zowel de nationale als van lokale overheden. Verschillende organisaties richten zich op het voorkomen en bestrijden van mensenhandel en op de bescherming van slachtoffers. Echter, mensen die worden geïdentificeerd als slachtoffers van mensenhandel weigeren vaak de hulp die hen wordt geboden en veel slachtoffers zijn terughoudend om uitbuiting te melden bij de politie of om hulp te zoeken. Hoe kan deze kloof tussen de behoeften van slachtoffers en de wijze waarop mensenhandel in de seksindustrie door de overheid wordt aangepakt, worden verklaard? Om hier meer inzicht in te krijgen, heb ik onderzocht in hoeverre de aanpak van mensenhandel in de seksindustrie aansluit bij de aard van het fenomeen. Het onderzoek gaat daarbij in op: (1) de kenmerken van mensenhandel, (2) de relaties tussen verdachten en slachtoffers van mensenhandel, (3) de opsporing van mensenhandel en (4) de betekenis die sekswerkers toekennen aan beleidsmaatregelen om mensenhandel te bestrijden.Zie ook: Nederlandse Samenvatting WODC

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Nederland
    • Maite Verhoeven
    • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
    • WODC
    • Gelegaliseerde prostitutie
    • Gedwongen prostitutie
    • Illegale prostitutie
    • Engels
  6. Taal Engels Allison J. Luzwick Abstract The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) was passed to “combat trafficking in persons, a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensur ...

    AbstractThe Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) was passed to “combat trafficking in persons, a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensurejust and effective punishment of traffickers, and to protect their victims.”Since the passing of the Act, federal courts have construed the statute broadly to achieve this stated purpose. One way in which the TVPA has been underutilized, however, is in prosecuting pornography cases. Pornography enjoys wide latitude under the law, protected by a vast net of First Amendment protections. While these protections may preserve freedom of speech, they do nothing to protect adult victims who are trafficked to produce online pornographic media. To provide relief for these victims and better fight all types of domestic trafficking, prosecutors should use the sex trafficking provision of the TVPA, 18 U.S.C. § 1591, to prosecute sex trafficking within the pornography industry. The pattern of victimization, other national and international human trafficking directives, plain language of the TVPA, prior cases, and broader policy goals all support the argument that the TVPA can and should be used to address the problem of trafficking adult victims for the production of porn.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Allison J. Luzwick
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Engels
  7. 2 reads Save the Children the International Rescue Committee Language Dutch Uit Persbericht Save the Children 03-04-2017: 1300 kinderen op de vlucht lopen extreme risico’s op Balkan Zo’n 1.300 alleenreizende minderjarige vluchtelingen en migranten lopen e ...

    Uit Persbericht Save the Children 03-04-2017: 1300 kinderen op de vlucht lopen extreme risico’s op BalkanZo’n 1.300 alleenreizende minderjarige vluchtelingen en migranten lopen een verhoogd risico om slachtoffer te worden van uitbuiting, geweld en mensenhandel door het strenge grensbeleid en de gebrekkige bescherming op de Balkan. Dat stellen twaalf ngo’s, waaronder Save the Children en Stichting Vluchteling/IRC, in het rapport ‘Uit het Zicht, Uitgebuit en Alleen’ dat vandaag verschijnt. Een aantal landen slaagt er niet in om deze enorm kwetsbare kinderen, van wie sommigen niet ouder zijn dan negen, te identificeren en goed op te vangen. Ze zijn op de vlucht voor oorlog of armoede en reisden duizenden kilometers zonder ouders of voogd. Vaak zijn ze onzichtbaar voor de autoriteiten en als ze wel bekend zijn, worden ze vaak opgevangen onder volstrekt ontoereikende omstandigheden, of zelfs opgesloten. Dat zorgt voor wanhoop en het duwt kinderen in de armen van smokkelaars en mensenhandelaren.  

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • International
    • Save the Children
    • the International Rescue Committee
    • Minderjarigen / Kinderhandel
    • Alleenstaande Minderjarige Asielzoeker (AMA)
    • Alleenstaande Minderjarige Vreemdeling (AMV)
    • Kinderhandel
    • Engels
  8. Language Dutch 4 reads Dutch Rapporteur Human Trafficking and Sexual Violence against Children (BNRM) Uit Nieuwsbericht NRM 5-4-2017, Nationaal Rapporteur: maak mensenhandel en seksueel geweld prioriteit in regeerakkoord: De Nationaal Rapporteur heeft in ...

    Uit Nieuwsbericht NRM 5-4-2017, Nationaal Rapporteur: maak mensenhandel en seksueel geweld prioriteit in regeerakkoord:De Nationaal Rapporteur heeft in een brief aan informateur Schippers gevraagd om in de formatie en het regeerakkoord aandacht te hebben voor de aanpak van mensenhandel en seksueel geweld tegen kinderen.Volgens rapporteur Corinne Dettmeijer is de politieke aandacht voor de aanpak van mensenhandel en seksueel geweld tegen kinderen geen rustig bezit. In de brief uit ze onder meer haar zorgen over de daling in het aantal gemelde slachtoffers van mensenhandel in 2016. De politiecapaciteit die bestemd was voor mensenhandel werd in dat jaar aangewend voor andere zaken, zoals de vluchtelingenstroom, de nasleep van MH 17 en terrorisme. Volgens de rapporteur is de capaciteit voor mensenhandel hard nodig, omdat zich binnen migratiestromen veel slachtoffers van mensenhandel bevinden.

    Publicaties

    • Brieven
    • Nederland
    • Nationaal Rapporteur Mensenhandel en Seksueel Geweld tegen Kinderen
    • Signalering
    • Irreguliere migratie
    • aanwending politiecapaciteit
    • Nederlands
  9. Taal Engels 1 Jaclyn D. Houston-Kolnik PhD Christina Soibatian MA Mona M. Shattell PhD RN FAAN Abstract: The present qualitative study explores advocates’ opinions of misinformation about human trafficking in the media and describes advocate ...

    Abstract:The present qualitative study explores advocates’ opinions of misinformation about human trafficking in the media and describes advocates’ strategies to counter the misinformation presented by the media. Thus, 15 advocates who work against human trafficking in Chicago-based nonprofit organizations participated in semistructured interviews about their opinions and strategies. Data were analyzed using thematic content analysis. The present study identifies specific misperceptions of human trafficking in the media, highlights advocates’ opinions of this misinformation, and discusses advocates’ strategies to counteract inaccurate media, adding support to the role of media advocacy. Advocates note how media images shape and perpetuate stereotypes of trafficking through glamorizing sex work and sensationalizing stories that are most often international depictions of trafficking. Advocates report media generally shares only a piece of the story, simplifying the stories of survivors and the issue of human trafficking. Advocates critique media perpetuating these misperceptions for how they may contribute to policies and programs which fail to address structural factors that create vulnerabilities to be trafficked and the multisystem needs of survivors. However, advocates also note misperceptions can be counteracted by producing sensitive, informed media through social platforms. Advocates share their strategies counteracting misinformation through engaging in informative conversations, utilizing social media to educate, and promoting media messages of survivor agency. Research, clinical, and policy implications are also discussed. The present study emphasizes the importance of decision makers and service providers being critical consumers of media and to assess how media portrayals may (or may not) inform their understanding and response to the issue.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Jaclyn D. Houston-Kolnik PhD
    • Christina Soibatian MA
    • Mona M. Shattell PhD RN FAAN
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • media
    • advocaten
    • Engels
  10. Taal Nederlands WODC In het rapport wordt in beeld gebracht wat van 2012 tot 2016 de stand van zaken is en ontwikkelingen die zijn geweest in de bestuurlijke aanpak van georganiseerde misdaad. Het onderzoek is uitgevoerd door middel van een ...

    In het rapport wordt in beeld gebracht wat van 2012 tot 2016 de stand van zaken is en ontwikkelingen die zijn geweest in de bestuurlijke aanpak van georganiseerde misdaad. Het onderzoek is uitgevoerd door middel van een digitale bevraging van de gemeentelijke hoofden of coördinatoren openbare orde en veiligheid. Eén van de vele bevindingen in het rapport is dat er weinig zicht is op het schaalniveau van mensenhandel binnen gemeentes.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Nederland
    • WODC
    • Nederlands

Pagina's