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  1. Taal Engels Trafficking for Forced Criminal Activities and Begging in Europe: Exploratory Study and Good Practice Examples. Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of forced criminal exploitation is an increasingly significant phenomeno ...

    Trafficking for Forced Criminal Activities and Begging in Europe: Exploratory Study and Good Practice Examples.Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of forced criminal exploitation is an increasingly significant phenomenon in the European Union. Adults and children are trafficked and forced to commit crimes such as cannabis cultivation, ATM theft and benefit fraud or forced to beg. Inecognition of its increasing incidence and reports by frontline professionals, EU Directive (2011/36) (hereafter known as the EU Directive) includes a wider definition of trafficking to cover trafficking for forced criminal activities and forced begging. This inclusion highlighted the need for Member States to take action to address this form of trafficking. Despite the entry into force of the EU Directive there is a dearth of research and awareness about this type of exploitation with very few cases reported in official statistics and many victims misidentified as offenders. This report aims to go some way to address this and provide a baseline assessment of the issue, exploring the situation in the project partner countries (Ireland, the UK, the Czech Republic, and the Netherlands) and provide an overview of the rest of Europe. The findings show that the issue is more widespread than previously reported, with victims being exploited through a variety of criminal activities.

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    • Europese Unie
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    • Criminele uitbuiting
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    • Bedelarij
    • Engels
  2. 12 reads European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) Language English This report, written by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) states that there is scant evidence of the vast number of people who move from one EU Member State ...

    This report, written by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) states that there is scant evidence of the vast number of people who move from one EU Member State to another or migrate into the EU and are forced by their economic and social circumstances to accept working conditions far below recognised legal standards. The report further states that:'The extensive fieldwork and desk research conducted for the report aim to fill this knowledge gap, thus challenging the current climate of implicit acceptance of severe labour exploitation. The report identifies risk factors contributing to such exploitation and discusses means of improving the situation. These include prevention strategies such as increased workplace inspections and greater efforts on the part of EU institutions and Member States to tighten public procurement procedures to avoid inadvertently funding exploiters. There is also an urgent need for more targeted monitoring, as well as improved criminal justice responses, to reduce the number of ineffective investigations that do not result in prosecution. In addition, closer cooperation between institutions involved in monitoring, inspections, law enforcement, victim support and public prosecution is indispensable to tackle the challenges presented by worker exploitation. The report also stresses that greater efforts are necessary to enable and encourage victims to report cases of labour exploitation, for example by encouraging trade unions to take an active role in informing and assisting persons who move to work into the EU or to another EU Member State.'

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    • Rapporten
    • Europese Unie
    • European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA)
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Artikel 8 EVRM
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Engels
  3. 1 Tweede Kamer Taal Nederlands Minister Ascher antwoordt als volgt op de vraag of hij in detail kan ingaan op de bevindingen en aanbevelingen, zoals die in het rapport zijn gedaan: 'Training van professionals is van groot belang in de s ...

    Minister Ascher antwoordt als volgt op de vraag of hij in detail kan ingaan op de bevindingen en aanbevelingen, zoals die in het rapport zijn gedaan:'Training van professionals is van groot belang in de strijd tegen mensenhandel en in het bijzonder arbeidsuitbuiting. Een groot aantal organisaties zoals politie, Inspectie SZW,KMar, OM, IND, COA, RIECs en gemeenten zijn getraind of hebben speciale opleidingen gevolgd in het herkennen van signalen en patronen van mensenhandel en het identificeren van mogelijke slachtoffers. Deze trainingen en opleidingen zullen worden voortgezet. De handleidingen voor signalering van slachtoffers van onder meer arbeidsuitbuiting voor eerstelijns professionals zijn uitgerold onder een groot aantal organisaties in Nederland. Migranten worden geïnformeerd over de risico’s die samenhangen met malafide (uitzend)bedrijven en misbruik, alsmede waar ze terecht kunnen met vragen en waar zij misstanden kunnen melden. In samenwerking met onder meer de ambassades van de betreffende landen, wordt ingezet op informatievoorziening in Polen, Roemenië en Bulgarije. FRA doet de aanbeveling om transparante arbeidsverhoudingen te bevorderen met arbeidsovereenkomsten die zijn opgesteld in een taal die de werknemer beheerst en maandelijkse uitbetaling van het loon. Met de Wet aanpak schijnconstructies (Was) wordt hier ook op ingezet. Per 1 januari 2016 geldt onder meer de verplichte girale betaling van tenminste het minimumloon en de specificatie van de onkostenvergoedingen op de loonstrook. Per 1 juli 2015 krijgt de Inspectie SZW de mogelijkheid om de sociale partners te informeren als het vermoeden bestaat dat de cao-voorwaarden niet nageleefd worden.'   

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