Trefwoord

  • Overige uitbuiting
  • 2015

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Resultaten 1 - 10 van totaal 24 resultaten
  1. 3 Asif Efrat Taal Engels Abstract: Human trafficking has been the subject of growing attention from both scholars and policymakers. The internationally accepted definition of human trafficking used by governments and international organizati ...

    Abstract:Human trafficking has been the subject of growing attention from both scholars and policymakers. The internationally accepted definition of human trafficking used by governments and international organizations identifies three purposes of trading in persons: sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, and the removal of organs. I argue that conflating sex, labor, and organ trafficking in policy initiatives and in the scholarly literature overlooks major differences between these practices—differences that greatly affect governments’ willingness and ability to curb them. This article identifies three such differences: the social status and political influence of the perpetrators, the precision of norms and their resonance with audiences, and the costs of enforcement. Through these distinctions, I explain why Israel has been vigorous in combating sex trafficking, yet hesitant to tackle labor and organ trafficking. The Israeli experience highlights the different challenges posed by sex, labor, and organ trafficking and offers important lessons for the study of these phenomena.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • International
    • Asif Efrat
    • Orgaanhandel
    • law enforcement
    • norms
    • organ trade
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Engels
  2. Taal Engels This report provides a source of information for practitioners involved in the investigation and prosecution of THB for the purpose of labour exploitation. It elaborates on a number of indicators of ‘labour exploitation’ that ha ...

    This report provides a source of information for practitioners involved in the investigation and prosecution of THB for the purpose of labour exploitation. It elaborates on a number of indicators of ‘labour exploitation’ that have emerged from national case law. Given that THB is very often a cross-border crime, the report also highlights best practice in judicial cooperation as identified through the analysis of Eurojust’s casework. The findings of this report are based on the analysis of (i) 32 judgments from 10 Member States and Norway,4 referred to Eurojust by national authorities when replying to the THB External Questionnaire; (ii) 17 cases registered in Eurojust as THB for labour exploitation; (iii) 29 responses to the THB External Questionnaire; and (iv) the outcome of the Strategic Meeting THB 2015. The analysis of case law does not aim to be exhaustive, given that it relies only on decisions referred to Eurojust in preparation for the Strategic Meeting THB 2015. As well as this, the low number of THB for labour exploitation cases referred to Eurojust does not allow the drawing of firm conclusions and can be considered only as illustrations of possible best practice in judicial cooperation. 

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Strafrecht
    • Mensenhandel
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Engels
  3. 2 reads Language Undefined Action Plan on seafood sourced from Thailand, which takes into account recommendations from global NGO Verité, an organisation that works with companies to help understand and tackle labour issues. The plan contains a series of ...

    Action Plan on seafood sourced from Thailand, which takes into account recommendations from global NGO Verité, an organisation that works with companies to help understand and tackle labour issues. The plan contains a series of actions designed to protect workers from abuses, improve working conditions and tackle unacceptable practices including juvenile and teenage working.

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • Thailand
    • Minderjarigen / Kinderhandel
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Kinderhandel
    • Supply chain
    • Kinderarbeid
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Engels
  4. Language Undefined 3 reads An Examination of Forced Labor and other Human Rights Risks Endemic to the Thai Seafood Sector by Verité. 'Seeking to better understand the risks of forced labor and human trafficking in the Thai seafood industry, Nestlé co ...

    An Examination of Forced Labor and other Human Rights Risks Endemic to the Thai Seafood Sector by Verité.'Seeking to better understand the risks of forced labor and human trafficking in the Thai seafood industry, Nestlé contracted Verité to conduct a focused investigation of six production sites in Thailand—three shrimp farms (one in Mahachai and two in Surat Thani), two ports of origin (Ranong Fish Port and Mahachai Fish Port), and one docked fishing boat (in Ranong Fish Port). These sites were identified by a third-party supply chain mapping consultant as being linked with the fishmeal (or fish feed) used as feed input in farms producing whole prawns for Nestlé. Verité assessed these and a number of other worksites in the same supply chain. The three-month assessment focused on forced labor and trafficking risks in the recruitment, hiring, employment and living conditions of foreign migrant workers in the targeted vessel-to-marketplace shrimp and fishmeal supply chain of one of Nestlé’s key suppliers.'

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Minderjarigen / Kinderhandel
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Supply chain
    • Kinderarbeid
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Kinderhandel
    • Engels
  5. 2 reads Polaris Project Language English This report provides crucial insight into the experiences of these temporary workers in the U.S., the visas most frequently associated with trafficking and exploitation, and the barriers victims face in accessing h ...

    This report provides crucial insight into the experiences of these temporary workers in the U.S., the visas most frequently associated with trafficking and exploitation, and the barriers victims face in accessing help. Temporary visa holders often pay large recruitment and travel fees for the opportunity to work in the United States -- and the debts they incur leave them particularly vulnerable to being victimized. Traffickers can control and manipulate these individuals who have few options, lack familiarity with U.S. laws and rights, and face significant language and cultural barriers. The visa rules also frequently restrict their ability to change employers. But there are solutions, including: prohibiting recruitment fees, requiring accurate contracts, modifying data reporting requirements, registration of foreign labor recruiters, and more.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Polaris Project
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Visa
    • Visadienst
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Engels
  6. Taal Engels Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF)- Sold to the Sea: Human Trafficking in Thailand's Fishing Industry exposes severe human rights abuses associated with human trafficking in Thailand's fishing industry and document ...

    Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF)- Sold to the Sea: Human Trafficking in Thailand's Fishing Industry exposes severe human rights abuses associated with human trafficking in Thailand's fishing industry and documents the testimonies of Burmese workers, as young as 16, who were forced onto fishing vessels for many months and subjected to arduous, often violent, working conditions without pay. The report details testimonies of crew murdered at sea, and on shore, and the shocking figure from a 2009 survey by the United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking (UNIAP) that found 59% of interviewed migrants trafficked aboard Thai fishing boats reported witnessing the murder of a fellow worker.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Thailand
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Engels
  7. Taal Engels The HOTT project, which combats trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ removal, is the first EU-funded project against this 'new' and neglected form of trafficking in human beings. An increasing number of indi ...

    The HOTT project, which combats trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ removal, is the first EU-funded project against this 'new' and neglected form of trafficking in human beings. An increasing number of indications emerge from countries across the globe on trafficking in human beings for the purpose of organ removal. Many countries have implemented adequate legislation against it, yet its non-legislative response is practically nonexistent. The project aims to increase knowledge and information, raise awareness about the crime and improve its non-legislative response.The latest report of this project shows indicators of trafficked persons with the purpose of organ removal, that are based on empirical research data that has been collected under the HOTT project. The sources from which these indicators have been derived from: interviews with police, prosecutors, recipients and transplant professionals; recipients’ and victims’ testimonies and judgments of prosecuted cases.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Internationaal
    • Orgaanhandel
    • Georganiseerd verband
    • Indications for investigation
    • Orgaanhandel
    • Engels
  8. Taal Nederlands 1 Tweede Kamer Verslag van algemeen overleg over draagmoederschap en mensenhandel.   6Draagmoederschap Aan de orde is het VAO Draagmoederschap (AO d.d. 05/02). Mevrouw Arib (PvdA): Voorzitter. Sinds 2011 is er, vanwege de com ...

    Verslag van algemeen overleg over draagmoederschap en mensenhandel. 

    Overheidspublicaties

    • Overheidspublicaties
    • Tweede Kamer
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Draagmoederschap (commercieel)
    • Nederlands
  9. Taal Nederlands 3 Staatssecretaris V&J Vragen van het lid Gesthuizen (SP) aan de Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie over het onderzoeken van signalen van mensensmokkel. Deze vragen zijn gesteld naar aanleiding van de uitzending ...

    Vragen van het lid Gesthuizen (SP) aan de Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie over het onderzoeken van signalen van mensensmokkel. Deze vragen zijn gesteld naar aanleiding van de uitzending van Argos, OneWorld, Radio Bremen op zaterdag 12 september inzake het overlijden van Kahsay Mekonen. 

    Overheidspublicaties

    • Kamervragen
    • Staatssecretaris V&J
    • Orgaanhandel
    • Asielzoekerscentrum (AZC)
    • Orgaanhandel
    • Mensensmokkel
    • Nederlands
  10. Taal Onbepaald This article examines the link between restrictive immigration schemes, specifically ‘tied visas’ and the selective application of labour laws, with exploitation of workers. It focuses on the situation of migrant domestic wor ...

    This article examines the link between restrictive immigration schemes, specifically ‘tied visas’ and the selective application of labour laws, with exploitation of workers. It focuses on the situation of migrant domestic workers, who accompany their employers to the United Kingdom (UK) and are exposed to both an excessively restrictive visa regime, introduced in April 2012, and limited labour protections. The immigration status of these workers is currently tied to a named employer, a restriction that traps workers into exploitative conditions, often amounting to forced labour, servitude or slavery. Additionally, current UK labour laws are either not enforced or not applicable to domestic workers. The article concludes that unless the current immigration regime is abolished and comprehensive labour law protections are extended to migrant domestic workers, exploitation will continue.

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigd Koninkrijk
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Engels

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