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Resultaten 1 - 10 van totaal 22 resultaten
  1. Taal Engels James Cockayne United Nations University Abstract by author:   Human trafficking is both illegal and big business. The International Labour Organization estimates that forced labour, one of the forms of exploitation into which h ...

    Abstract by author: Human trafficking is both illegal and big business. The International Labour Organization estimates that forced labour, one of the forms of exploitation into which humans are trafficked, generates $150 billion a year in revenues, while the Global Slavery Index suggests there may be as many as 45.8 million people enslaved today. Most of the victims are women and girls. The funds generated by human trafficking are proceeds of crime. Handling those funds can constitute money laundering or, in certain cases where designated terrorist organizations are involved, terrorist financing. Financial institutions that handle funds generated by human trafficking and modern slavery, or that finance businesses that engage in these crimes, thus risk violating a range of existing laws and norms, especially in the area of anti-money laundering (AML) and countering the financing of terrorism (CFT). To help industry actors and regulators think through their options for disrupting ties between the financial sector and human trafficking and modern slavery, UN University convened a workshop at Grace Farms in New Canaan, Connecticut, with the support of the Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the United Nations. Participants identified three main areas for action: strengthening sectoral knowledge uptake; improving regulation and encouraging leadership; and promoting information partnerships.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • International
    • James Cockayne
    • United Nations University
    • modern slavery
    • financial sector
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Engels
  2. Taal Engels United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) From executive summary:   Millions of children are on the move across international borders – fleeing violence and conflict, disaster or poverty, in pursuit of a better life. Hundreds ...

    From executive summary: Millions of children are on the move across international borders – fleeing violence and conflict, disaster or poverty, in pursuit of a better life. Hundreds of thousands move on their own. When they encounter few opportunities to move legally, children resort to dangerous routes and engage smugglers to help them cross borders. Serious gaps in the laws, policies and services meant to protect children on the move further leave them bereft of protection and care. Deprived, unprotected, and often alone, children on the move can become easy prey for traffickers and others who abuse and exploit them.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • International
    • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
    • Child Sexual Abuse
    • Child Sexual Exploitation
    • Migrant Children
    • Violence Against Children
    • Engels
  3. Taal Engels ECPAT International A lack of data exists pertaining to the unique challenges and barriers that child victims of sexual exploitation, including sexual exploitation in travel and tourism, face when accessing justice. To address t ...

    A lack of data exists pertaining to the unique challenges and barriers that child victims of sexual exploitation, including sexual exploitation in travel and tourism, face when accessing justice. To address this knowledge gap, ECPAT International conducted a study (A2J Study) to explore why "child-friendly justice" is so elusive for sexually exploited children and to identify the specific barriers that continue to prevent these children from accessing justice.

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • International
    • ECPAT International
    • Engels
  4. Taal Engels Defence for Children The year 2014 has proved to be particularly special for DCI, as this international advocate for child rights celebrated its 35th anniversary in that year. DCI has continuously been committed to the protectio ...

    The year 2014 has proved to be particularly special for DCI, as this international advocate for child rights celebrated its 35th anniversary in that year. DCI has continuously been committed to the protection and promotion of children’s rights worldwide. At the international level, through the International Secretariat (IS), and at regional and national level through the 47 national departments.A major achievement in 2014 was the launch of the 'Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty (GSCDL)' campaign. The idea behind this campaign was aimed at reducing the number of children held in detention worldwide. The campaign was supported by both UN member states and 90 different NGOs and human rights organizations. The highlight of the campaign was on December 18th 2014, when the final report was propagated by the UN General Assembly.

    Publicaties

    • Brochures/jaarverslagen
    • International
    • Defence for Children
    • Vrijheidsontneming
    • Belang van het kind
    • Kinderarbeid
    • Engels
  5. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Taal Engels This module focuses primarily on the effects of sexual abuse and exploitation on victims of trafficking in persons. It starts with a general overview of psychological reactions an ...

    This module focuses primarily on the effects of sexual abuse and exploitation on victims of trafficking in persons. It starts with a general overview of psychological reactions and then outlines some of common trauma-inducing experiences of victims before and during the trafficking process. The effects of these experiences are then listed and explained. Finally, this chapter explores the implications that these reactions may have for investigators and suggests methods to avoid re-traumatizing victims and to help them begin the recovery process. This chapter also provides guidance on how to minimize the impact that psychological reactions may have on investigations.

    Publicaties

    • Werkdocumenten/handleidingen
    • International
    • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
    • Trauma
    • Gevolgen mensenhandel
    • Healthcare services
    • Trauma
    • Engels
  6. Taal Engels ECPAT International The overall objective of this legal study is to assess current international, regional and domestic legal responses to combat Sexual Exploitation of Children in Travel and Tourism (SECTT). The study also aims ...

    The overall objective of this legal study is to assess current international, regional and domestic legal responses to combat Sexual Exploitation of Children in Travel and Tourism (SECTT). The study also aims to highlight the main legal elements required to make these responses effective to help address and strengthen future interventions. Based on the analysis, recommendations intend to inform, enhance and address current challenges.

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • International
    • ECPAT International
    • Sexual exploitation
    • Engels
  7. Taal Engels Carlson We believe the hospitality industry has a critical role to play in protecting our most vulnerable minors and women from trafficking as well as putting strong safeguards in place to prevent these crimes from happening in ...

    We believe the hospitality industry has a critical role to play in protecting our most vulnerable minors and women from trafficking as well as putting strong safeguards in place to prevent these crimes from happening in hotels. Through education, advocacy, partnership with law enforcement and support for victims’ services, we are proud to continue to lead on this important work.

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • International
    • Carlson
    • Engels
  8. Taal Engels Howard Dubowitz Abstract by author: The view of what constitutes child abuse and neglect is dependent on the laws, cultural context, local thresholds and the availability. Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention ...

    Abstract by author:The view of what constitutes child abuse and neglect is dependent on the laws, cultural context, local thresholds and the availability. Since 1982, the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) has conducted surveillance of child maltreatment and child protection every two years, published in World Perspectives on Child Abuse. It is hoped that up to date information will inform the development of laws, policies and programs to better address child abuse and neglect. This article is based on data on child sexual abuse and exploitation from 73 countries gathered online in 2015-16 for the 12 edition of World Perspectives. Respondents were key informants who were knowledgeable professionals in the child protection field. They were encouraged to consult with colleagues so as to provide accurate information. Countries were grouped into different regions of the world and into income level categories. The findings focus on definitions of abuse and neglect, laws, policies and programs to address and prevent maltreatment and barriers to prevention. It is evident that there is considerable variability across regions and country income categories, and that programs and services need to be considerably strengthened, even in high income countries.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • International
    • Howard Dubowitz
    • Child Sexual Abuse
    • Child Sexual Exploitation
    • Prevention
    • Engels
  9. Language English 1 read Michael B. Gerrard Columbia Law School 'It is well documented that displacement leads to a considerable increase in human trafficking. The UN Environment Programme has indicated that trafficking may increase by 20-30% during d ...

    'It is well documented that displacement leads to a considerable increase in human trafficking. The UN Environment Programme has indicated that trafficking may increase by 20-30% during disasters, and INTERPOL has warned that disasters or conflict may increase the exposure of women to trafficking as families are disrupted and livelihoods are lost.3 There are multiple instances in which trafficking has been shown to increase in the aftermath of cyclones, flooding, earthquakes and tsunamis.4 Some of this is for sex trafficking, some of it is for forced labor. We also see a great deal of human smuggling leading to journeys that are perilous and too often fatal.'

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • International
    • Michael B. Gerrard Columbia Law School
    • Migration
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Engels
  10. Taal Engels ECPAT International It is necessary for States to have adequate legal and institutional frameworks to protect children from sexual exploitation in travel and tourism. Companies that fail to protect children or even violate child ...

    It is necessary for States to have adequate legal and institutional frameworks to protect children from sexual exploitation in travel and tourism. Companies that fail to protect children or even violate children´s rights should be held liable. With international law being directed primarily at States, the question of liability for corporate violations has proved difficult. Yet, it is central when considering the role of a child victimised by sexual crimes in tourism.The overall objective of this study is to analyse the existing legal and ‘soft law’ instruments that address corporate liability in the context of sexual exploitation of children in travel and tourism (SECTT). The study also explores the possibility of holding companies liable to international and domestic law and, accordingly, identify gaps and future challenges.

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • International
    • ECPAT International
    • Sexual Exploitation of Children in Travel and Tourism (SECTT)
    • Engels

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