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  • International

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Resultaten 1 - 10 van totaal 22 resultaten
  1. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Taal Engels This module focuses primarily on the effects of sexual abuse and exploitation on victims of trafficking in persons. It starts with a general overview of psychological reactions an ...

    This module focuses primarily on the effects of sexual abuse and exploitation on victims of trafficking in persons. It starts with a general overview of psychological reactions and then outlines some of common trauma-inducing experiences of victims before and during the trafficking process. The effects of these experiences are then listed and explained. Finally, this chapter explores the implications that these reactions may have for investigators and suggests methods to avoid re-traumatizing victims and to help them begin the recovery process. This chapter also provides guidance on how to minimize the impact that psychological reactions may have on investigations.

    Publicaties

    • Werkdocumenten/handleidingen
    • International
    • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
    • Trauma
    • Gevolgen mensenhandel
    • Healthcare services
    • Trauma
    • Engels
  2. International Association of Women Judges (IAWJ) Taal Engels This Toolkit, by the International Association of Women Judges (IAWJ), is intended to raise awareness about sextortion and provide the "tools" – guidance, information, a ...

    This Toolkit, by the International Association of Women Judges (IAWJ), is intended to raise awareness about sextortion and provide the "tools" – guidance, information, and resources – with which to address a pervasive, but often hidden, form of corruption that degrades its victims and undermines social institutions around the world. The report states:'Sextortion is a form of corruption in which the quid pro quo is sex rather than money. Therefore it is important to assess whether any of your country’s anti-corruption laws can be construed to cover sextortion. These laws may have different names, including: extortion; bribery; criminal coercion; abuse of office; official oppression; and corruption. Whatever the name of the anti-corruption statute, focus on whether its language is broad enough to encompass sexual favors.'

    Publicaties

    • Werkdocumenten/handleidingen
    • International
    • International Association of Women Judges (IAWJ)
    • Sextortion
    • Sextortion
    • Sexual exploitation
    • Engels
  3. 57 reads Language English Online paedophile activity in social media has become a major concern in society as Internet access is easily available to a broader younger population. One common form of online child exploitation is child grooming, where adults ...

    Online paedophile activity in social media has become a major concern in society as Internet access is easily available to a broader younger population. One common form of online child exploitation is child grooming, where adults and minors exchange sexual text and media via social media platforms. Such behaviour involves a number of stages performed by a predator (adult) with the final goal of approaching a victim (minor) in person.This paper presents a study of such online grooming stages from a machine learning perspective. It aims to characterise such stages by a series of features covering sentiment polarity, content, and psycho-linguistic and discourse patterns. Our experiments with online chatroom conversations show good results in automatically classifying chatlines into various grooming stages. Such a deeper understanding and tracking of predatory behaviour is vital for building robust systems for detecting grooming conversations and potential predators on social media.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • International
    • Grooming
    • Engels
  4. Taal Engels Better Volunteering Better Care There are over two million children living in residential care centres, or ‘orphanages’, in the world, although it has been suggested that the real number is likely to be far higher, and possibly ...

    There are over two million children living in residential care centres, or ‘orphanages’, in the world, although it has been suggested that the real number is likely to be far higher, and possibly as high as eight million. Research has shown that four out of five of these children have at least one living parent and the vast majority could be living with one or both of their parents or with other family members if provided with appropriate support. Despite well-established evidence of the harmful impact of institutionalisation on children’s development and wellbeing, international travellers volunteering in such centres, often with very limited, if any, supervision, continues to be promoted as an acceptable form of tourism and volunteering experience. Children in residential care are already at a higher risk of abuse and exploitation and are exposed to further risk of harm by unqualified and unsupervised international volunteers. In addition, residential care operators can come to see international volunteering and children in their ‘orphanages’ as a key means of income, fuelling the growth of residential care in the country and promoting children’s unnecessary separation from their families.

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • International
    • Better Volunteering Better Care
    • Engels
  5. Taal Engels ECPAT International There are limits to what governments and law enforcement can do alone. But there is no limit to what governments, law enforcement, civil society and committed private sector partners can do together. Technolo ...

    There are limits to what governments and law enforcement can do alone. But there is no limit to what governments, law enforcement, civil society and committed private sector partners can do together.Technology is a force for good. Yet, there is a dark side. Technology also facilitates the exploitation of children and creates enforcement gaps. We have to change that. We have to catch up. We have to innovate. Technology is a central part of the challenge, but I believe that within technology resides the solution.

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • International
    • ECPAT International
    • Sexual exploitation
    • Engels
  6. Taal Engels This article will describe a trauma-informed approach to responding to these crimes and discuss practices where such an approach has already been incorporated, highlighting areas where continued, additional integration is necess ...

    This article will describe a trauma-informed approach to responding to these crimes and discuss practices where such an approach has already been incorporated, highlighting areas where continued, additional integration is necessary. This article will also identify gaps in the application of the approach, specifically in reference to other co-occurring, violence against women and human trafficking crimes, and suggest strategies to more effectively integrate traumainformed investigative and prosecutorial practices.

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • International
    • Trauma
    • Gevolgen mensenhandel
    • Indications for investigation
    • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • Trauma
    • Engels
  7. Taal Engels Defence for Children The year 2014 has proved to be particularly special for DCI, as this international advocate for child rights celebrated its 35th anniversary in that year. DCI has continuously been committed to the protectio ...

    The year 2014 has proved to be particularly special for DCI, as this international advocate for child rights celebrated its 35th anniversary in that year. DCI has continuously been committed to the protection and promotion of children’s rights worldwide. At the international level, through the International Secretariat (IS), and at regional and national level through the 47 national departments.A major achievement in 2014 was the launch of the 'Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty (GSCDL)' campaign. The idea behind this campaign was aimed at reducing the number of children held in detention worldwide. The campaign was supported by both UN member states and 90 different NGOs and human rights organizations. The highlight of the campaign was on December 18th 2014, when the final report was propagated by the UN General Assembly.

    Publicaties

    • Brochures/jaarverslagen
    • International
    • Defence for Children
    • Belang van het kind
    • Kinderarbeid
    • Vrijheidsontneming
    • Engels
  8. Taal Engels United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) UNODC has released a special edition of Crime and Society on measuring trafficked populations. This volume contains articles from leading academics covering a range of methods and ...

    UNODC has released a special edition of Crime and Society on measuring trafficked populations. This volume contains articles from leading academics covering a range of methods and practices including the network scale-up method and capture-recapture. This issue of Forum is aimed at presenting the variety of research approaches and findings to a broader public and contributing to a discourse on how to obtain through research more sound data on the different aspects of trafficking in persons. The articles presented in this volume deal with challenges and solutions in collecting research data on trafficking in persons and presenting quantitative and qualitative aspects in reaching hidden populations and how to use them for research on such trafficking.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • International
    • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Statistieken
    • Engels
  9. 3 Asif Efrat Taal Engels Abstract: Human trafficking has been the subject of growing attention from both scholars and policymakers. The internationally accepted definition of human trafficking used by governments and international organizati ...

    Abstract:Human trafficking has been the subject of growing attention from both scholars and policymakers. The internationally accepted definition of human trafficking used by governments and international organizations identifies three purposes of trading in persons: sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, and the removal of organs. I argue that conflating sex, labor, and organ trafficking in policy initiatives and in the scholarly literature overlooks major differences between these practices—differences that greatly affect governments’ willingness and ability to curb them. This article identifies three such differences: the social status and political influence of the perpetrators, the precision of norms and their resonance with audiences, and the costs of enforcement. Through these distinctions, I explain why Israel has been vigorous in combating sex trafficking, yet hesitant to tackle labor and organ trafficking. The Israeli experience highlights the different challenges posed by sex, labor, and organ trafficking and offers important lessons for the study of these phenomena.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • International
    • Asif Efrat
    • Orgaanhandel
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • law enforcement
    • norms
    • organ trade
    • Engels
  10. Taal Engels Carlson We believe the hospitality industry has a critical role to play in protecting our most vulnerable minors and women from trafficking as well as putting strong safeguards in place to prevent these crimes from happening in ...

    We believe the hospitality industry has a critical role to play in protecting our most vulnerable minors and women from trafficking as well as putting strong safeguards in place to prevent these crimes from happening in hotels. Through education, advocacy, partnership with law enforcement and support for victims’ services, we are proud to continue to lead on this important work.

    Publicaties

    • Publicaties
    • International
    • Carlson
    • Engels

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