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  • Verenigde Staten van Amerika

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Resultaten 1 - 10 van totaal 54 resultaten
  1. Taal Engels Executive Summary: 'Within the last decade, the trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation has become a major concern for governments, NGOs and the media. Although, the United States has been less visible as ...

    Executive Summary:'Within the last decade, the trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation has become a major concern for governments, NGOs and the media. Although, the United States has been less visible as a site of transnational and domestic trafficking in women than other countries in Europe, and countries such as Japan, Canada and Australia, this situation is beginning to change. Recent accounts about sex trafficking in the United States, mainly appearing in national and local media, indicate that trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation is a national problem, and one that is increasing in scope and magnitude. The U.S. government estimates that 50,000 women and children are trafficked each year into the United States, primarily from Latin America, countries of the former Soviet Union and Southeast Asia. However, little systematic research has been done on contemporary trafficking in the United States. This study by the Coalition Against Trafficking Women is the first to research both international and domestic trafficking of women for sexual exploitation in the United States and to include primary research information from interviews with trafficked and prostituted women in the sex industry.'

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Prostitutie
    • Vrouwenhandel
    • Seksuele uitbuiting
    • Engels
  2. Taal Engels Abstract: 'This paper examines discourses of male prostitution through an analysis of scientific texts. A contrast is drawn between nineteenth-century understandings of male prostitution and twentieth-century accounts of ma ...

    Abstract:'This paper examines discourses of male prostitution through an analysis of scientific texts. A contrast is drawn between nineteenth-century understandings of male prostitution and twentieth-century accounts of male prostitution. In contrast to female prostitution, male prostitution was not regarded as a significant social problem throughout the nineteenth century, despite its close association with gender deviation and social disorder. Changing conceptions of sexuality, linked with the emergence of the ‘adolescent’, drew scientific attention to male prostitution during the 1940s and 1950s. Research suggested that male prostitution was a problem associated with the development of sexual identity. Through the application of scientific techniques, which tagged and differentiated male prostitute populations, a language developed about male prostitution that allowed for normative assessments and judgements to be made concerning particular classes of male prostitute. The paper highlights how a broad distinction emerged between public prostitutes, regarded as heterosexual/ masculine, and private prostitutes, regarded as homosexual/effeminate. This distinction altered the way in which male prostitution was understood and governed, allowing for male prostitution to be constituted as a public health concern.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Mannenprostitutie
    • Sexual exploitation
    • Boy prostitution
    • Male victims
    • Engels
  3. Taal Engels Abstract: 'Male prostitution altered its form dramatically over the course of the twen tieth century. While some of these changes relate to economics and general cultural shifts (the Depression of the 1930s, the rise of a c ...

    Abstract:'Male prostitution altered its form dramatically over the course of the twen tieth century. While some of these changes relate to economics and general cultural shifts (the Depression of the 1930s, the rise of a counterculture during the 1960s and 70s), some of the most im- portant changes have arisen in response to transformations in the idea of 'homosexuality,” and the growing influence this idea had within mid  dle-class and then working-class culture. This essay identifies the diverse forms male prostitution has taken since the late-Victorian period, and also examines the way in which male prostitution has been written about by various commentators in different eras.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Mannenprostitutie
    • Mannelijke slachtoffers
    • Jongensprostitutie
    • Seksuele uitbuiting
    • Engels
  4. Taal Engels Abstract: 'This report will describe efforts to address the demand side of sex trafficking. It will define the demand and describe its different components. It will describe laws, policies, and programs aimed at reducing th ...

    Abstract:'This report will describe efforts to address the demand side of sex trafficking. It will define the demand and describe its different components. It will describe laws, policies, and programs aimed at reducing the demand for prostitution in communities and entire countries. It includes a review of research on men’s behavior and attitudes towards prostitution and researchers’ analyses of men’s behavior and motives to purchase sex acts.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Strafbaarstelling prostituant
    • Strafbaarstelling
    • Prostituant (klant)
    • Seksuele uitbuiting
    • Engels
  5. 50 reads California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force Language Dutch This report discusses the definition and causes for human trafficking in California. It also analyzes what is being done in California to both protect and assist vict ...

    This report discusses the definition and causes for human trafficking in California. It also analyzes what is being done in California to both protect and assist victims as well as investigate and prosecute the traffickers. 

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force
    • Minderjarigen / Kinderhandel
    • Kinderhandel
    • Seksuele uitbuiting
    • Engels
  6. 50 reads University of New Hampshire Language Dutch This article states that most publicity about online “predators” who prey on naive children using trickery and violence is largely inaccurate: 'Internet sex crimes involving adults and juveniles mor ...

    This article states that most publicity about online “predators” who prey on naive children using trickery and violence is largely inaccurate:'Internet sex crimes involving adults and juveniles more often fit a model of statutory rape—adult offenders who meet, develop relationships with, and openly seduce underage teenagers—than a model of forcible sexual assault or pedophilic child molesting. The purpose of this article is to provide an accurate, research-based description of the characteristics and prevalence of this high-profile social problem; make recommendations for effective responses; indicate needs for future research; and give professionals basic resources to help manage issues that arise in practice and other contexts.' 

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • University of New Hampshire
    • Internet
    • Grooming
    • Kinderporno(grafie)
    • Social Media
    • Engels
  7. Taal Engels Abstract: 'Child trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) are egregious crimes, extreme forms of child maltreatment, and major violations of children’s human rights. Although empirical research is sorely lacking ...

    Abstract:'Child trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) are egregious crimes, extreme forms of child maltreatment, and major violations of children’s human rights. Although empirical research is sorely lacking on the impact of such crimes on children’s developmental well-being, numerous reports describe the physical and emotional trauma, humiliation, violence, degradation associated with treatment as a commodity, and unrelenting fear and abuse. This paper provides an overview of the impact of trafficking and CSE on children and the practical implications of related research in the areas of child maltreatment and victimization. Findings suggest that trafficking and CSE present grave risks to the physical, psychological, spiritual, and social–emotional development of young victims. Implications for psychology and social policy, in terms of prevention and psychosocial rehabilitation for children who have been victimized, are also presented.'

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Trauma
    • Zorg
    • Psychische situatie
    • Kinderhandel
    • Posttraumatische Stressstoornis (PTSS)
    • Trauma
    • Psychologisch onderzoek
    • Engels
  8. 57 reads Language Dutch This document describes the types of online activities encompassing the sexual exploitation of children. It also offers background characteristics of victims and perpetrators. Another section highlights challenges faced by law enfo ...

    This document describes the types of online activities encompassing the sexual exploitation of children. It also offers background characteristics of victims and perpetrators. Another section highlights challenges faced by law enforcement officials and government policymakers in dealing with the online sexual exploitation of children:'A program that addresses all efforts to protect children from online exploitation and coordinates the work of all agencies and organizations working in this field is strongly recommended. There is currently no entity that coordinates or addresses all aspects of the online exploitation of children on a national level.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Internet
    • Grooming
    • Kinderporno(grafie)
    • Kindersekstoerisme
    • Social Media
    • Engels
  9. 20 reads Language Dutch This literature review maps out what is currently understood about the intersections of youth, risk, and social media. The article framed this review around the most prevalent risks youth face when online: harassment, solicitation, ...

    This literature review maps out what is currently understood about the intersections of youth, risk, and social media. The article framed this review around the most prevalent risks youth face when online: harassment, solicitation, and exposure to problematic content. The article states that much more research is needed about the participation in social media of registered sex offenders:'No laws prevent registered sex offenders from participating in social media, but many people are concerned about their participation and the potential risk it poses to youth. There are no studies that concern the activities of registered sex offenders online, whether their participation in social media is correlated with increased risk, or whether they use social media to contact youth more than other channels. Much more research is necessary to determine whether registered sex offenders pose a threat to youth through their online activities.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Kinderpornografie
    • Internet
    • Kinderporno(grafie)
    • Grooming
    • Webcamsex
    • Engels
  10. Taal Engels Abstract: 'Little has been reported on how survivors of trafficking integrate into new communities and what types of rehabilitation services and programs they may need to live independently and self-sufficiently. The releas ...

    Abstract:'Little has been reported on how survivors of trafficking integrate into new communities and what types of rehabilitation services and programs they may need to live independently and self-sufficiently. The release of federal funds under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 to assist certain survivors of trafficking has spurred the rapid and eclectic development of advocacy programs and services. This article explores the needs of survivors of trafficking, the variety of services and advocacy programs that are developing to assist them, and the complex reactions of immigrant communities to incidents of trafficking.'

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Trauma
    • Gespecialiseerde opvang
    • Psychische situatie
    • Reïntegratie
    • Slachtofferperspectief
    • Psychologisch onderzoek
    • Engels

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