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  1. Taal Engels Laura Cordisco Tsai Ivy Flor Seballos-Llena Rabia Ann Castellano-Datta Abstract: Survivors of human trafficking often experience considerable financial difficulties upon exiting human trafficking, including pressure to provide f ...

    Abstract:Survivors of human trafficking often experience considerable financial difficulties upon exiting human trafficking, including pressure to provide financially for their families, challenges securing employment, lack of savings, and familial debt. Few evaluations have been conducted of reintegration support interventions addressing financial vulnerability among trafficking survivors. In this article, we present findings from a participatory assessment of the BARUG program, a matched savings and financial capability program for survivors of human trafficking and their family members in the Philippines. Photovoice was used to understand the experiences of two cohorts of BARUG participants. Survivors collaborated with research team members in conducting thematic analysis of transcripts from the photovoice sessions. Themes included: the positive emotional impact of financial wellness, overcoming the challenges of saving, applying financial management skills in daily decision making, developing a habit of savings, building a future-oriented mindset, receiving guidance and enlightenment, the learning process, and the change process. Findings reinforce the importance of interventions to support trafficked persons and their family members in getting out of debt and accumulating emergency savings, while also providing emotional support to survivors in coping with family financial pressures. The study also highlights the value of using participatory research methods to understand the experiences of trafficked persons.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Laura Cordisco Tsai
    • Ivy Flor Seballos-Llena
    • Rabia Ann Castellano-Datta
    • Human Trafficking Survivors
    • Engels
  2. Taal Engels Allison J. Luzwick Abstract The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) was passed to “combat trafficking in persons, a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensur ...

    AbstractThe Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) was passed to “combat trafficking in persons, a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensurejust and effective punishment of traffickers, and to protect their victims.”Since the passing of the Act, federal courts have construed the statute broadly to achieve this stated purpose. One way in which the TVPA has been underutilized, however, is in prosecuting pornography cases. Pornography enjoys wide latitude under the law, protected by a vast net of First Amendment protections. While these protections may preserve freedom of speech, they do nothing to protect adult victims who are trafficked to produce online pornographic media. To provide relief for these victims and better fight all types of domestic trafficking, prosecutors should use the sex trafficking provision of the TVPA, 18 U.S.C. § 1591, to prosecute sex trafficking within the pornography industry. The pattern of victimization, other national and international human trafficking directives, plain language of the TVPA, prior cases, and broader policy goals all support the argument that the TVPA can and should be used to address the problem of trafficking adult victims for the production of porn.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Allison J. Luzwick
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Engels
  3. Taal Engels 1 Jaclyn D. Houston-Kolnik PhD Christina Soibatian MA Mona M. Shattell PhD RN FAAN Abstract: The present qualitative study explores advocates’ opinions of misinformation about human trafficking in the media and describes advocate ...

    Abstract:The present qualitative study explores advocates’ opinions of misinformation about human trafficking in the media and describes advocates’ strategies to counter the misinformation presented by the media. Thus, 15 advocates who work against human trafficking in Chicago-based nonprofit organizations participated in semistructured interviews about their opinions and strategies. Data were analyzed using thematic content analysis. The present study identifies specific misperceptions of human trafficking in the media, highlights advocates’ opinions of this misinformation, and discusses advocates’ strategies to counteract inaccurate media, adding support to the role of media advocacy. Advocates note how media images shape and perpetuate stereotypes of trafficking through glamorizing sex work and sensationalizing stories that are most often international depictions of trafficking. Advocates report media generally shares only a piece of the story, simplifying the stories of survivors and the issue of human trafficking. Advocates critique media perpetuating these misperceptions for how they may contribute to policies and programs which fail to address structural factors that create vulnerabilities to be trafficked and the multisystem needs of survivors. However, advocates also note misperceptions can be counteracted by producing sensitive, informed media through social platforms. Advocates share their strategies counteracting misinformation through engaging in informative conversations, utilizing social media to educate, and promoting media messages of survivor agency. Research, clinical, and policy implications are also discussed. The present study emphasizes the importance of decision makers and service providers being critical consumers of media and to assess how media portrayals may (or may not) inform their understanding and response to the issue.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Jaclyn D. Houston-Kolnik PhD
    • Christina Soibatian MA
    • Mona M. Shattell PhD RN FAAN
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • media
    • advocaten
    • Engels
  4. Language English 1 read Shana M. Judge and Blake Boursaw ABSTRACT In this study, we addressed the need for empirical research on human trafficking by compiling unique data relating to criminal charges filed in federal judicial districts and using these da ...

    ABSTRACTIn this study, we addressed the need for empirical research on human trafficking by compiling unique data relating to criminal charges filed in federal judicial districts and using these data to examine trends in sex trafficking-related cases, as well as the impact on those trends of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA). Results from our regression models indicate that the proportion of all charges filed by federal prosecutors that involved sex trafficking and related cases increased significantly between 1994 and 2007. The rate of increase, however, slowed in the time period following the passage of the TVPA, suggesting that the TVPA may have helped to mitigate increases in new cases. In addition, our results show statistically significant inverse relationships between immigration and sex trafficking-related charges filed, providing new evidence to support the possibility that some sex trafficking-related cases may be being prosecuted as immigration cases instead.

    Publicaties

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Shana M. Judge and Blake Boursaw
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Engels
  5. Language English 2 reads According to this paper a combination of political, cultural, and socioeconomic factors creates a deep level of desperation in Central America. Left with few choices and resources, people are pushed to find alternatives elsewhere. ...

    According to this paper a combination of political, cultural, and socioeconomic factors creates a deep level of desperation in Central America. Left with few choices and resources, people are pushed to find alternatives elsewhere. This environment creates ground for traffickers to perpetrate their crimes. Supply, demand, and impunity together create a space in which trafficking can flourish. Economic globalization and unregulated borders have created conditions that allow organized crime to flow through Central Americas’ borders.

    Publicaties

    • Artikelen
    • Colombia
    • Mexico
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Mensenhandel
    • Economisch overleven
    • Armoede
    • Engels
  6. 2 reads Polaris Project Language English This report from Polaris and the Sanar Wellness Institute provides an overview of promising therapeutic support that can be used to enhance individual and group intervention for survivors of all forms of human traf ...

    This report from Polaris and the Sanar Wellness Institute provides an overview of promising therapeutic support that can be used to enhance individual and group intervention for survivors of all forms of human trafficking. Based on the experiences of serving clients in Polaris’s New Jersey office over the past five years, Polaris has found that certain trauma-informed therapeutic supports helped survivors gain resiliency. These interventions include: therapeutic/restorative yoga; expressive arts therapy; and mindfulness and sensory-based practices. Clients have expressed lower levels of stress, increased self-regulation, and strengthened life skills after receiving these therapeutic support interventions. The findings aim to assist social workers, clinicians, mental health counselors, and victims’ service providers in enriching their existing services and increasing trauma-informed supports for survivors of human trafficking.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Polaris Project
    • Behandeling (gespecialiseerde)
    • Trauma
    • Adequate behandeling
    • Behandelmogelijkheden
    • Trauma
    • Posttraumatische Stressstoornis (PTSS)
    • Engels
  7. 2 reads Polaris Project Language English This report provides crucial insight into the experiences of these temporary workers in the U.S., the visas most frequently associated with trafficking and exploitation, and the barriers victims face in accessing h ...

    This report provides crucial insight into the experiences of these temporary workers in the U.S., the visas most frequently associated with trafficking and exploitation, and the barriers victims face in accessing help. Temporary visa holders often pay large recruitment and travel fees for the opportunity to work in the United States -- and the debts they incur leave them particularly vulnerable to being victimized. Traffickers can control and manipulate these individuals who have few options, lack familiarity with U.S. laws and rights, and face significant language and cultural barriers. The visa rules also frequently restrict their ability to change employers. But there are solutions, including: prohibiting recruitment fees, requiring accurate contracts, modifying data reporting requirements, registration of foreign labor recruiters, and more.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Polaris Project
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Visa
    • Visadienst
    • Engels
  8. Taal Engels Abstract: 'We investigated attitudes and behaviors associated with prostitution and sexual aggression among 101 men who buy sex and 101 age-, education-, and ethnicity-matched men who did not buy sex. Both groups tended to ...

    Abstract:'We investigated attitudes and behaviors associated with prostitution and sexual aggression among 101 men who buy sex and 101 age-, education-, and ethnicity-matched men who did not buy sex. Both groups tended to accept rape myths, be aware of harms of prostitution and trafficking, express ambivalence about the nature of prostitution, and believe that jail time and public exposure are the most effective deterrents to buying sex. Sex buyers were more likely than men who did not buy sex to report sexual aggression and likelihood to rape. Men who bought sex scored higher on measures of impersonal sex and hostile masculinity and had less empathy for prostituted women, viewing them as intrinsically different from other women. When compared with non-sex-buyers, these sefindings indicate that men who buy sex share certain key characteristics with men at risk for committing sexual aggression as documented by research based on the leading scientific model of the characteristics of non-criminal sexually aggressive men, the Confluence Model of sexual aggression.'

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Prostitutie
    • Prostituant (klant)
    • Verkrachting
    • Seksueel geweld
    • Daders
    • Engels
  9. Polaris Project Taal Engels Abstract: Labor trafficking is a form of modern slavery in which individuals are compelled to perform labor or services against their will by means of force, fraud, or coercion. The National Human Trafficking Res ...

    Abstract:Labor trafficking is a form of modern slavery in which individuals are compelled to perform labor or services against their will by means of force, fraud, or coercion. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) hotline and the Polaris BeFree Textline received 419 reports of likely labor trafficking cases involving traveling sales crews between January 2008 and February 2015, more than any other industry except domestic work. This report analyzes data collected from these hotlines, as well as open source data from legal records, government documents, industry experts, news media, and social media.'

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Polaris Project
    • Overige uitbuiting
    • Arbeidsuitbuiting
    • Engels
  10. Taal Engels This report states that the distribution of sexually explicit images without the subject’s consent, commonly referred to as "revenge porn," currently exists in a legal gray area throughout much of the United States, wh ...

    This report states that the distribution of sexually explicit images without the subject’s consent, commonly referred to as "revenge porn," currently exists in a legal gray area throughout much of the United States, where victims have few options for recourse and perpetrators go unpunished. Revenge porn can have dramatic consequences for victims—from harming their careers and reputations to intimidating them into silence or putting them directly in harm’s way. While a number of states and private businesses have taken up the cause to reduce this form of online harassment, it is not enough. Congress should take action to address the nonconsensual distribution of sexually explicit images.

    Publicaties

    • Rapporten
    • Verenigde Staten van Amerika
    • Sextortion
    • Sextortion
    • Vervolging
    • Engels

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