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  1. 2 keer gelezen A. Bos K. Loyens V. Nagy B. Oude Breuil Universiteit Utrecht- Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) Universiteit Utrecht- Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen WODC Taal Nederlands Samenvatting WODC: In 2011 i ...

    Samenvatting WODC:In 2011 is   het landelijke programma Aanpak uitbuiting Roma kinderen in een samenwerkingsverband tussen het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie (VenJ) en het ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid (SZW) gestart. In 2014 is het programma verlengd tot eind 2016. Gedurende de programmaperiode komt naar voren dat de integrale aanpak van criminele uitbuiting van minderjarigen moeilijk lijkt. Vanuit dit programma wil men meer inzicht krijgen in de aard en de omvang van criminele uitbuiting van (Roma) kinderen. De onderzoeksvraag is verbreed naar alle kinderen die zich in Nederland bevinden.Dit onderzoekrapport gaat over uitbuiting van minderjarigen in de criminaliteit in Nederland. Het rapport beschrijft het fenomeen en gaat in op de praktijk van professionals in de zorg- en veiligheidsketen, die met de problematiek te maken krijgen. Op basis van casusstudies en onderzoek in gemeenten laat het rapport zien in hoeverre professionals uitbuiting van minderjarigen in de criminaliteit signaleren, of zij voldoende toegerust zijn om het probleem aan te pakken en wat zij er in de praktijk aan doen. Verder gaat het rapport in op de samenwerking tussen betrokken professionals.

    Publications

    • Reports
    • Netherlands
    • WODC
    • B. Oude Breuil
    • Universiteit Utrecht - Departement Bestuurs - en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO)
    • Universiteit Utrecht - Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen
    • A. Bos
    • K. Loyens
    • V. Nagy
    • Criminal exploitation
    • Minors
    • Notification
    • Criminal exploitation
    • Minderjarigen
    • Dutch
  2. 1 keer gelezen Tweede Kamer Taal Nederlands Vragen van het lid Volp (PvdA) aan de minister van Veiligheid en Justitie over het bericht dat uitgebuitte Roma-kinderen gered en teruggehaald zijn naar Nederland 2016Z12973 Vragen van het lid Volp (PvdA) aan de ...

    Vragen van het lid Volp (PvdA) aan de minister van Veiligheid en Justitie over het bericht dat uitgebuitte Roma-kinderen gered en teruggehaald zijn naar Nederland

    Goverment publications

    • Goverment publications
    • Netherlands
    • Dutch Parliament
    • Criminal exploitation
    • Criminal exploitation
    • Child labour
    • Roma
    • Dutch
  3. Taal Nederlands 3 keer gelezen United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) The United Nations Trafficking in Persons Protocol is considered to be the principal, legally binding global instrument to combat trafficking in persons. It defines traffickin ...

    The United Nations Trafficking in Persons Protocol is considered to be the principal, legally binding global instrument to combat trafficking in persons. It defines trafficking in persons as constituting three elements: action, a "means" by which that action is achieved and a "purpose" (of the action / means): namely, exploitation. All three elements must be present to constitute ‘trafficking in persons’ except in relation to trafficking of children. The Protocol definition has been widely embraced by States and the international community. However, it has become evident that questions remain about certain aspects of the definition, most particularly those aspects that are not defined elsewhere in international law or commonly known to the world’s major legal systems. The risk that important concepts contained in the Protocol are not clearly understood and, therefore, are not consistently implemented and applied has been acknowledged by States Parties. Therefore it was recommended that UNODC would prepare a series of Issue Papers "to assist criminal justice officers in penal proceedings" on several concepts identified as problematic. The first Issue Paper, on the concept of 'abuse of a position of vulnerability and other 'means'' was completed and issued in 2012. The second study, which dealt with the issue of "consent" was completed and issued in 2014. The present study focuses on the third definitional concept identified as requiring attention: the concept of 'exploitation'.

    Publications

    • Reports
    • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
    • Other forms of exploitation
    • Criminal law
    • Sexual exploitation
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • labour exploitation
    • English
  4. 1 keer gelezen Arbeidsinspectie Minister van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid (SZW) Taal Nederlands De Inspectie van het Ministerie van Sociale Zaken & Werkgelegenheid (SZW) heeft in haar jaarplan in grote lijnen de activiteiten beschreven die de Insp ...

    De Inspectie van het Ministerie van Sociale Zaken & Werkgelegenheid (SZW) heeft in haar jaarplan in grote lijnen de activiteiten beschreven die de Inspectie in 2016 wil uitvoeren. Eén van de themagerichte programma's die naar voren komt is die van de aanpak van arbeidsuitbuiting. De Inspectie wil met het programma Arbeidsuitbuiting een betere en structurele bijdrage leveren aan de aanpak hiervan in Nederland.Dit gaat de Inspectie onder andere doen door het verzamelen en analyseren van informatie uit de inspecties. Dat moet ertoe moet leiden dat: 'de Inspectie intelligenter kan sturen met kennis en informatie bij de aanpak van arbeidsuitbuiting; risicoanalyses de bestrijding van arbeidsuitbuiting verbeteren; samenwerking bij de aanpak van arbeidsuitbuiting verbetert; en haar capaciteit bij de aanpak van arbeidsuitbuiting slimmer inzet', aldus het jaarplan. 

    Publications

    • Reports
    • Netherlands
    • Minister of Social Welfare and Employment (Dutch)
    • Labour Inspection
    • Other forms of exploitation
    • Methods of investigation
    • Labour exploitation
    • Indications for investigation
    • Dutch
  5. Language Undefined 16 This manual is the result of the project TeamWork! Strengthening multidisciplinary cooperation against trafficking for labour exploitation, which was set up in preparation for the Netherlands presidency of the Council of the E ...

    This manual is the result of the project TeamWork! Strengthening multidisciplinary cooperation against trafficking for labour exploitation, which was set up in preparation for the Netherlands presidency of the Council of the European Union in the first half of 2016. TeamWork! is a joint project with Luxembourg, Slovakia and Malta, which had and will have the presidency in the periods before and after the Netherlands.This manual is aimed at experts and intended to help inspire and strengthen the policy and practice to address trafficking in human beings (THB) for labour exploitation of all organisations that could come across it. More specifically, it aims to stimulate multidisciplinary and cross-border cooperation and a comprehensive approach against this phenomenon. It was drawn up as part of a project called TeamWork!, which was started by four consecutive presidencies of the Council of the European Union (EU): Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the Slovak Republic and Malta. Because of this, the manual mainly focuses on strengthening cooperation among and within EU countries, but it also contains advice on cooperation with third countries.

    Publications

    • Working documents/instructions
    • Agri- and horticulture
    • Other forms of exploitation
    • Agriculture and horticulture
    • Labour exploitation
    • English
  6. 1 keer gelezen Taal Engels Abstract: 'This report presents a comprehensive set of recommendations for protection of human beings who are trafficked for the purpose of organ removal or are targeted for such trafficking. Developed by an interdisciplina ...

    Abstract:'This report presents a comprehensive set of recommendations for protection of human beings who are trafficked for the purpose of organ removal or are targeted for such trafficking. Developed by an interdisciplinary group of international experts under the auspices of the project Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal (also known as the HOTT project), these recommendations are grounded in the view that an individual who parts with an organ for money within an illegal scheme is ipso facto a victim and that the crime of trafficking in human beings for the purpose of organ removal (THBOR) intersects with the crime of trafficking in organs. Consequently, the protection of victims should be a priority for all actors involved in antitrafficking activities: those combating organ-related crimes, such as health organizations and survivor support services, and those combating trafficking in human beings, such as the criminal justice sectors. Taking into account the special characteristics of THBOR, the authors identify 5 key stakeholders in the protection of human beings trafficked for organ removal or targeted for such trafficking: states, law enforcement agencies and judiciary, nongovernmental organizations working in the areas of human rights and antitrafficking, transplant centers and health professionals involved in transplant medicine, and oversight bodies. For each stakeholder, the authors identify key areas of concern and concrete measures to identify and protect the victims of THBOR. The aim of the recommendations is to contribute to the development of a nonlegislative response to THBOR, to promote the exchange of knowledge and best practices in the area of victim protection, and to facilitate the development of a policy-driven action plan for the protection of THBOR victims in the European Union and worldwide.'

    Publications

    • Reports
    • International
    • Organ trafficking
    • Victimization
    • Consequences of human trafficking
    • Protection authorities
    • Organ trafficking
    • English
  7. 1 keer gelezen Taal Engels Abstract 'Physicians and other health care professionals seem well placed to play a role in the monitoring and, perhaps, in the curtailment of the trafficking in human beings for the purpose of organ removal. They serve as ...

    Abstract'Physicians and other health care professionals seem well placed to play a role in the monitoring and, perhaps, in the curtailment of the trafficking in human beings for the purpose of organ removal. They serve as important sources of information for patients and may have access to information that can be used to gain a greater understanding of organ trafficking networks. However, well-established legal and ethical obligations owed to their patients can create challenging policy tensions that can make it difficult to implement policy action at the level of the physician/patient. In this article, we explore the role-and legal and ethical obligations-of physicians at 3 key stages of patient interaction: the information phase, the pretransplant phase, and the posttransplant phase. Although policy challenges remain, physicians can still play a vital role by, for example, providing patients with a frank disclosure of the relevant risks and harms associated with the illegal organ trade and an honest account of the physician's own moral objections. They can also report colleagues involved in the illegal trade to an appropriate regulatory authority. Existing legal and ethical obligations likely prohibit physicians from reporting patients who have received an illegal organ. However, given the potential benefits that may accrue from the collection of more information about the illegal transactions, this is an area where legal reform should be considered.'

    Publications

    • Reports
    • International
    • Organ trafficking
    • Mental health care
    • Victimization
    • Medical treatment
    • Organ trafficking
    • English
  8. 1 read Language English Following the establishment of a dedicated task force, the Irish government has issued its Report of the Government Task Force on Non-European Economic Area (EEA) workers in the Irish Fishing Fleet December 2015. The report was ins ...

    Following the establishment of a dedicated task force, the Irish government has issued its Report of the Government Task Force on Non-European Economic Area (EEA) workers in the Irish Fishing Fleet December 2015. The report was instigated in response to The Guardian (November 2, 2015) article raising the issue of trafficked migrant fishermen and in which it revealed that: “African and Asian migrant workers are being routinely but illegally used as cheap labor on Irish fishing trawlers working out of some of the country’s most popular tourist ports.”The report was chaired by Simon Coveney T.D. Minister for Agriculture Food and the Marine in which he stated in the foreword that: “The scheme to allow for the structured and transparent employment of non-EEA workers within a defined framework in the Irish fishing fleet, as set out in this report, has been endorsed by Government. While the issues addressed in the report focus solely on bringing forward recommendations in the Irish context, the potential exploitation of such workers is a global phenomenon and certainly not unique to Ireland. 

    Publications

    • Reports
    • Noord-Ierland
    • Ireland
    • Other forms of exploitation
    • Male victims
    • aanpak
    • Labour exploitation
    • English
  9. 30 keer gelezen Asif Efrat Taal Engels Abstract: Human trafficking has been the subject of growing attention from both scholars and policymakers. The internationally accepted definition of human trafficking used by governments and international organizati ...

    Abstract:Human trafficking has been the subject of growing attention from both scholars and policymakers. The internationally accepted definition of human trafficking used by governments and international organizations identifies three purposes of trading in persons: sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, and the removal of organs. I argue that conflating sex, labor, and organ trafficking in policy initiatives and in the scholarly literature overlooks major differences between these practices—differences that greatly affect governments’ willingness and ability to curb them. This article identifies three such differences: the social status and political influence of the perpetrators, the precision of norms and their resonance with audiences, and the costs of enforcement. Through these distinctions, I explain why Israel has been vigorous in combating sex trafficking, yet hesitant to tackle labor and organ trafficking. The Israeli experience highlights the different challenges posed by sex, labor, and organ trafficking and offers important lessons for the study of these phenomena.

    Publications

    • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
    • International
    • Asif Efrat
    • Organ trafficking
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • law enforcement
    • norms
    • organ trade
    • English
  10. Taal Engels 2 keer gelezen This report provides a source of information for practitioners involved in the investigation and prosecution of THB for the purpose of labour exploitation. It elaborates on a number of indicators of ‘labour exploitation’ that ha ...

    This report provides a source of information for practitioners involved in the investigation and prosecution of THB for the purpose of labour exploitation. It elaborates on a number of indicators of ‘labour exploitation’ that have emerged from national case law. Given that THB is very often a cross-border crime, the report also highlights best practice in judicial cooperation as identified through the analysis of Eurojust’s casework. The findings of this report are based on the analysis of (i) 32 judgments from 10 Member States and Norway,4 referred to Eurojust by national authorities when replying to the THB External Questionnaire; (ii) 17 cases registered in Eurojust as THB for labour exploitation; (iii) 29 responses to the THB External Questionnaire; and (iv) the outcome of the Strategic Meeting THB 2015. The analysis of case law does not aim to be exhaustive, given that it relies only on decisions referred to Eurojust in preparation for the Strategic Meeting THB 2015. As well as this, the low number of THB for labour exploitation cases referred to Eurojust does not allow the drawing of firm conclusions and can be considered only as illustrations of possible best practice in judicial cooperation. 

    Publications

    • Reports
    • Other forms of exploitation
    • Criminal law
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Labour exploitation
    • English

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