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  1. Polaris Project Language English This report from Polaris and the Sanar Wellness Institute provides an overview of promising therapeutic support that can be used to enhance individual and group intervention for survivors of all forms of human traf ...

    This report from Polaris and the Sanar Wellness Institute provides an overview of promising therapeutic support that can be used to enhance individual and group intervention for survivors of all forms of human trafficking. Based on the experiences of serving clients in Polaris’s New Jersey office over the past five years, Polaris has found that certain trauma-informed therapeutic supports helped survivors gain resiliency. These interventions include: therapeutic/restorative yoga; expressive arts therapy; and mindfulness and sensory-based practices. Clients have expressed lower levels of stress, increased self-regulation, and strengthened life skills after receiving these therapeutic support interventions. The findings aim to assist social workers, clinicians, mental health counselors, and victims’ service providers in enriching their existing services and increasing trauma-informed supports for survivors of human trafficking.

    Publications

    • Reports
    • United States of America
    • Polaris Project
    • Trauma
    • Treatment (Specialized)
    • Adequate treatment
    • Treatment possibilities
    • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • Trauma
    • English
  2. 2 keer gelezen Taal Engels Abstract: 'Child sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) are major public health problems in the United States and throughout the world. Despite large numbers of American and foreign youth affe ...

    Abstract:'Child sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) are major public health problems in the United States and throughout the world. Despite large numbers of American and foreign youth affected and a plethora of serious physical and mental health problems associated with CSEC, there is limited information available to pediatricians regarding the nature and scope of human trafficking and how pediatricians and other health care providers may help protect children. Knowledge of risk factors, recruitment practices, possible indicators of CSEC, and common medical and behavioral health problems experienced by victims will help pediatricians recognize potential victims and respond appropriately. As health care providers, educators, and leaders in child advocacy, pediatricians play an essential role in addressing the public health issues faced by child victims of CSEC. Their roles can include working to increase recognition of CSEC, providing direct care and anticipatory guidance related to CSEC, engaging in collaborative efforts with medical and nonmedical colleagues to provide for the complex needs of youth, and educating child-serving professionals and the public.'

    Publications

    • Articles
    • United States of America
    • Care
    • Medical examination
    • Medical conditions
    • Medical statement
    • Medical care
    • Child trafficking
    • English
  3. Language English Abstract: 'This paper explores the health consequences and healthcare experiences of women and girls trafficked in the United States for commercial sex. The paper is based on an original study of over one hundred domestic sex ...

    Abstract:'This paper explores the health consequences and healthcare experiences of women and girls trafficked in the United States for commercial sex. The paper is based on an original study of over one hundred domestic sex trafficking victims and survivors. It provides evidence that women and children who are trafficked into prostitution are physically, mentally, and emotionally devastated by the crime, and this devastation is lasting with injuries, illnesses, and impairments continuing for decades. It illustrates how our healthcare system is failing trafficked women and children. It makes the case that health care providers of all kinds in emergency wards, healthcare clinics, and private practices are seeing trafficking victims but failing to identify them, thereby unwittingly contributing to continuing criminal activity and exacerbating both public and private physical and mental health problems for this segment of the population. It offers recommendations on ways that public policy and healthcare practice can combat sex trafficking by more readily identifying victims and catalyzing rescues. Finally, it argues that law, policy, and protocols must change in order to adequately address the health consequences of sex trafficking.'

    Publications

    • Articles
    • United States of America
    • Care
    • Medical conditions
    • Medical care
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Victimization
    • English
  4. 2 keer gelezen Taal Engels Executive summary: 'In 2011, the American Psychological Association (APA) established the Task Force on Trafficking of Women and Girls at the recommendation of APA’s Committee on Women in Psychology (CWP) and upon approval ...

    Executive summary:'In 2011, the American Psychological Association (APA) established the Task Force on Trafficking of Women and Girls at the recommendation of APA’s Committee on Women in Psychology (CWP) and upon approval by the Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest (BAPPI). The purpose of this report is to (a) raise awareness among psychologists about human trafficking; (b) make recommendations to enhance research, education and training, advocacy and public policy, public awareness, and practice as they pertain to the intersections of psychology and this social problem; and (c) urge psychologists to bring scientific rigor and research expertise to bear on policy, service provision, and an understanding of the dynamics of trafficking.'

    Publications

    • Reports
    • United States of America
    • Trauma
    • Care
    • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • Reliving
    • Risk group
    • Trauma
    • Psychological evaluation
    • Consequences of human trafficking
    • English
  5. 1 keer gelezen Taal Engels This paper seeks to answer the question: Could prosecutors’ greater awareness of the effects of trauma on human trafficking victims lead to more effective prosecution and increased convictions for human trafficking in the United ...

    This paper seeks to answer the question: Could prosecutors’ greater awareness of the effects of trauma on human trafficking victims lead to more effective prosecution and increased convictions for human trafficking in the United States? The question will be answered and the solutions presented by using scholarly research in the fields of trauma, victim rights, and human trafficking to argue that greater prosecutorial awareness and response to victims’ needs is one way to improve outcomes in human trafficking prosecutions and fulfill the federal mandate to protect victims of trafficking.

    Publications

    • Thesis
    • United States of America
    • Trauma
    • Trauma
    • Victims' perspective
    • Victimization
    • Prosecution
    • English
  6. 2 keer gelezen Taal Engels Abstract: 'Sex trafficking, trafficking for the purpose of forced sexual exploitation, is a widespread form of human trafficking that occurs in all regions of the world, affects mostly women and girls, and has far-reaching ...

    Abstract:'Sex trafficking, trafficking for the purpose of forced sexual exploitation, is a widespread form of human trafficking that occurs in all regions of the world, affects mostly women and girls, and has far-reaching health implications. Studies suggest that up to 50%of sex trafficking victims in the USA seek medical attention while in their trafficking situation, yet it is unclear how the healthcare system responds to the needs of victims of sex trafficking. To understand the intersection of sex trafficking and public health, we performed in-depth qualitative interviews among 277 antitrafficking stakeholders across eightmetropolitan areas in five countries to examine the local context of sex trafficking. We sought to gain a new perspective on this form of gender-based violence from those who have a unique vantage point and intimate knowledge of push-and-pull factors, victim health needs, current available resources and practices in the health system, and barriers to care. Through comparative analysis across these contexts, we found that multiple sociocultural and economic factors facilitate sex trafficking, including child sexual abuse, the objectification of women and girls, and lack of income. Although there are numerous physical and psychological health problems associated with sex trafficking, health services for victims are patchy and poorly coordinated, particularly in the realm of mental health. Various factors function as barriers to a greater health response, including low awareness of sex trafficking and attitudinal biases among health workers. A more comprehensive and coordinated health system response to sex trafficking may help alleviate its devastating effects on vulnerablewomen and girls. There are numerous opportunities for local health systems to engage in antitrafficking efforts while partnering across sectors with relevant stakeholders.'

    Publications

    • Articles
    • United States of America
    • Care
    • Medical care
    • Healthcare services
    • Mental health care
    • English
  7. 2 keer gelezen Taal Engels Abstract: 'Assessment for mental disorders should be part of re-integration follow-up care for women survivors of human trafficking. Mental disorders at that time, most commonly PTSD and depression, are likely to be influen ...

    Abstract:'Assessment for mental disorders should be part of re-integration follow-up care for women survivors of human trafficking. Mental disorders at that time, most commonly PTSD and depression, are likely to be influenced by a range of predisposing, precipitating and maintaining factors. Care plans for survivors of trafficking must be based on individual needs, and must apply clinical guidelines for the treatment of PTSD and of depression. Evidence is needed on the effectiveness of therapy for PTSD in survivors of human trafficking.'

    Publications

    • Reports
    • United States of America
    • Trauma
    • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
    • Sexual violence
    • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • Trauma
    • English
  8. 2 keer gelezen Taal Engels Abstract: 'This Practice Guide (PG) is designed to be used to provide the necessary guidance to comply with the expectations of DCF Policy 31-10-6.1. Included are the definitions and terms Social Workers may hear or use whe ...

    Abstract:'This Practice Guide (PG) is designed to be used to provide the necessary guidance to comply with the expectations of DCF Policy 31-10-6.1. Included are the definitions and terms Social Workers may hear or use when working with human trafficking victims; the specific steps for intake of reports of human trafficking of children; a decision map for determining the risk of child for human trafficking; and the areas of physical, sexual, substance use, behavioral health and dental care that are to be assessed. Given the critical role of the Regional Human Trafficking Response Team (HART) liaisons, the practice guide provides a brief outline of their duties as well as risk assessment and monitoring tools. Finally, a nurse screening tool is included as it is believed that the role of nurses is critical to early identification and prevention of child from becoming victims of sex trafficking.'

    Publications

    • Reports
    • United States of America
    • Care
    • Victims' perspective
    • Psychological evaluation
    • Notification
    • English
  9. 2 keer gelezen Taal Engels Abstract: 'The rate of childhood trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation has been on the global rise. In order to prevent the continued increase of the number of at-risk children, integrative micro and macro leve ...

    Abstract:'The rate of childhood trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation has been on the global rise. In order to prevent the continued increase of the number of at-risk children, integrative micro and macro level models have been found to be most effective in terms of the prevention and intervention of human trafficking. The purpose of this paper is to tackle social aspects of child trafficking including the phenomenon of the feminization of trafficking, and the psychological consequences experienced by the child survivor. Effective psychotherapy that focuses on an integration of the self, interpersonal reparation, and cultural reintegration will be highlighted through prevalent trauma-focused models and clinical observations.'

    Publications

    • Articles
    • United States of America
    • Trauma
    • Minors / Child Trafficking
    • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • Trauma
    • Sexual exploitation
    • English
  10. 2 keer gelezen Taal Engels Abstract: 'To date, limited research has been conducted to assess the impact of various mental health therapeutic treatments, hindering mental healthcare providers’ understanding of which therapeutic methods work best when ...

    Abstract:'To date, limited research has been conducted to assess the impact of various mental health therapeutic treatments, hindering mental healthcare providers’ understanding of which therapeutic methods work best when treating this population. To begin addressing some of the questions regarding mental health treatment, this issue brief examines the evidence-based research for treating common mental health conditions experienced by victims of human trafficking.'

    Publications

    • Articles
    • United States of America
    • Treatment (Specialized)
    • Adequate treatment
    • Treatment possibilities
    • Victimization
    • Consequences of human trafficking
    • English

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