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    1. Language English 1 read Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Annex to the Response of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the list of issues (CAT/C/NLD/QPR/7) transmitted to the State Party under the optional reporting pro ...

      Annex to the Response of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the list of issues (CAT/C/NLD/QPR/7) transmitted to the State Party under the optional reporting procedure (A/62/44, paras. 23 and 24)

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Netherlands
      • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
      • Human Rights
      • Human trafficking / trafficking in persons
      • Torture
      • English
    2. Taal Engels 3 keer gelezen Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children 'Essentially, human trafficking is the abuse of a person’s vulnerable position for purely personal gain. In this report, I analys ...

      'Essentially, human trafficking is the abuse of a person’s vulnerable position for purely personal gain. In this report, I analyse abuse of the vulnerability of children. Of the many children fleeing from conflict zones around the world, of children who grow up in poverty and who work from a young age making products for our market, and children who happen to belong to a minority group and whose marginalized position makes them ill-equipped to defend themselves against abusers. Although these children are not all victims of human trafficking, the question of what factors make some more vulnerable than others is more pressing than ever, since it is not only the direct victims of human trafficking who suffer, but also their parents, families and friends.'  

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Netherlands
      • Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children
      • Child trafficking
      • Vulnerability
      • English
    3. Taal Engels 1 keer gelezen Maite Verhoeven Abstract:   Representations of the sex industry as a nest for involuntary sex work and exploitation shape the answers governments formulate to regulate the industry. In the legalized sex industry of the Netherlan ...

      Abstract: Representations of the sex industry as a nest for involuntary sex work and exploitation shape the answers governments formulate to regulate the industry. In the legalized sex industry of the Netherlands, additional regulations and measures have been implemented recently to expand control and to prevent human trafficking. Increasing criticisms however claim that stricter control of the sex industry is not always in favor of the people concerned. This article uses symbolic interactionism to explore the meanings sex workers ascribe to their situation, to their work, and to the government’s interventions. The article addresses an example of a recently introduced anti-trafficking measure: the mandatory intake of people who want to work in the sex industry, meaning a face-to-face conversation with the authorities. This intake should inform sex workers and provide the local authorities with the possibility of identifying signs of trafficking, which can lead to work restrictions. However, interviews with sex workers show that the government’s intentions to offer help and protection for sex workers can mean control, discrimination, and work restrictions. Whereas the government wants to preclude possible victims of human trafficking from working in the sex industry, sex workers perceive their situation as a possibility to improve their lives. As a consequence, they withhold information about pimps and boyfriends from the authorities, or move to work in other cities, and sparingly use the assistance offered by the authorities.

      Publications

      • Wetenschappelijke Artikelen
      • Netherlands
      • Maite Verhoeven
      • Government Policy
      • Sexual exploitation
      • Sex work
      • English
    4. Maite Verhoeven and Barbara van Gestel Language Dutch Deze studie van Maite Verhoeven en Barbara van Gestel onderzoekt de informele dienstverlening binnen de seksindustrie op de Wallen in Amsterdam en hoe dit van invloed is op de autonomie van pro ...

      Deze studie van Maite Verhoeven en Barbara van Gestel onderzoekt de informele dienstverlening binnen de seksindustrie op de Wallen in Amsterdam en hoe dit van invloed is op de autonomie van prostituees. De gebruikte gegevens zijn afkomstig uit politie dossiers van twaalf strafrechtelijke onderzoeken naar mensenhandel in Amsterdam tussen 2006 en 2010. De empirische gegevens laten zien dat prostituees worden verweven in een netwerk van mensen die bemiddelen bij hen en hun werk: pooiers, bodyguards, loopjongens, chauffeurs, bordeel eigenaars, en accountants. Hoewel deze bemiddelaars hun diensten aanbieden ten gunste van de prostitutie, vormen zij tegelijk ook een netwerk van controle rond de prostituee en profiteren zij van hun inkomsten. Het bestaan van dit informele netwerk ondersteunt de prostituee, maar ondermijnt ook de autonomie van zelfstandige prostituees in de hier behandelde gevallen. 

      Publications

      • Articles
      • Netherlands
      • Netherlands
      • Maite Verhoeven and Barbara van Gestel
      • English
    5. Elizabeth J. Krumrei-Mancuso Social Science Division Department of Psychology Pepperdine University Language Dutch Deze studie van Elizabeth J. Krumrei-Mancuso onderzoekt hoe eigenschappen van prostitutie en kenmerken van levenskwaliteit zich verh ...

      Deze studie van Elizabeth J. Krumrei-Mancuso onderzoekt hoe eigenschappen van prostitutie en kenmerken van levenskwaliteit zich verhouden tot symptomen van depressie en posttraumatische stress onder 88 vrouwen in de prostitutie in Nederland. Nu websites en apps prostitutie steeds toegankelijker maken voor vrouwen en zij zich minder zorgen maken over hun fysieke veiligheid, is het van grote relevantie de psychologische gevolgen van prostitutie te onderzoeken. De huidige studie onderzoekt de verhouding tussen prostitutie en geestelijke gezondheid in een setting waarin zich over het algemeen minder geestelijke gezondheidsrisico's voordoen die verband houden met geweld, mensenhandel en drugsgebruik zoals in eerdere studies vaak meer het geval was. De resultaten zijn van belang voor professionals werkzaam in de geestelijke gezondheidszorg die werken met prostituees en voor overheidsbeleid met betrekking tot prostitutie. De bevindingen laten vooral zien dat vrouwen in de prostitutie geen homogene groep vormen en dat prostitutie daarom in al haar nuances bestudeerd dient te worden. 

      Publications

      • Articles
      • Netherlands
      • Pepperdine University
      • Elizabeth J. Krumrei-Mancuso
      • Social Science Division
      • Department of Psychology
      • English
    6. 46 keer gelezen University of Tilburg Taal Engels Abstract: 'The Amsterdam Red Light District is famous for its sex-oriented businesses. Although prostitution was legalized in 2000, this did not end some of its criminal side effects, particularly the ...

      Abstract:'The Amsterdam Red Light District is famous for its sex-oriented businesses. Although prostitution was legalized in 2000, this did not end some of its criminal side effects, particularly the trafficking in women. In an effort to combat human trafficking in the district, the local authorities launched the Emergo project in 2007. The core of the project is a multi-agency approach in which the municipality, the police, the public prosecution service and the Tax and Customs Administration cooperate closely. In addition to improving the effectiveness of repressive action against criminal infrastructures, additional legislation such as the criminalization of clients is also considered necessary to compensate for the shortcomings of regulatory measures.'Click here for full article. 

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Netherlands
      • University of Tilburg
      • Prostitution
      • Sexual exploitation
      • Methods of investigation
      • Prostitution
      • English
    7. Taal Engels 1 keer gelezen Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children This fourth report focuses on additional quantitative information for the year 2003, concentrating on three areas, namely the victims ...

      This fourth report focuses on additional quantitative information for the year 2003, concentrating on three areas, namely the victims of THB that have reported to the Foundation against Trafficking in Women (Stichting Tegen Vrouwenhandel - STV), investigations into THB and prosecutions brought by the police (dealt with by the PPS and settled in court). The figures are presented together with figures (already published in previous reports) for the years 2000 to 2002 inclusive, in order to show any trends.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Netherlands
      • Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children
      • English
    8. Taal Engels 2 keer gelezen Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children This is the English version of the revised and substantially abridged Third Report on Trafficking in Human Beings that was presented t ...

      This is the English version of the revised and substantially abridged Third Report on Trafficking in Human Beings that was presented to the Dutch government in July 2004. Just as in the First Report, attention will be given to legislation and regulations and the efforts of the police and the Public Prosecution Service in this area. The victims of trafficking will also be considered further, together with those non-governmental organisations and persons that provide them with assistance and represent their interests, such work being of incalculable value. A crucial factor is the awareness that these victims, because of exploitation, have had their human dignity severely impaired and have been forced into a position of subjugation to such an extent that this constitutes a breach of fundamental human rights. Society must act to combat this.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Netherlands
      • Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children
      • English
    9. Taal Engels 4 keer gelezen Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children This is the English translation of a somewhat shortened and revised version of the second report of the Dutch National Rapporteur on T ...

      This is the English translation of a somewhat shortened and revised version of the second report of the Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings (NRM). This second report contains supplementary numerical information. It must be seen and read in conjunction with the first report that contains all sorts of background information and is of a more reflective nature. This report presents updated figures together with already published numerical data, in order to show possible trends.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Netherlands
      • Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children
      • English
    10. Taal Engels 1 keer gelezen Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children You have before you the English, somewhat abbreviated, version of the first report of the (Dutch) National Rapporteur on Trafficking i ...

      You have before you the English, somewhat abbreviated, version of the first report of the (Dutch) National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings. The report, which intends to contribute to an increase in attention to the prevention and combat of trafficking in human beings (THB), was presented to the Dutch government in May 2002. This report indeed particularly concerns Dutch actors, and the Dutch situation, but is presumably also interesting for foreign, or international persons and organisations, who are dealing with the topic as well. This because the report gives an overall picture of the Dutch situation, as far as legislation is concerned, victim support, police investigation and prosecution of perpetrators, and it touches on more general problems and possible solutions as well, in relation to THB. At this it should be pointed out that some of the data, especially the quantitative data, are not entirely up to date. Therefore, the Rapporteur will publish a quantitative update at the end of this year. Sometime at the beginning of 2003, an English version of the update will become available.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Netherlands
      • Dutch National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings and Sexual Violence against Children
      • English