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    1. Language Dutch Harvard FXB Center Executive Summary This report provides a comprehensive and critical analysis of the Indian government’s efforts to rescue and reintegrate children trafficked for their labor. Despite frequent expressions of public ...

      Executive SummaryThis report provides a comprehensive and critical analysis of the Indian government’s efforts to rescue and reintegrate children trafficked for their labor. Despite frequent expressions of public concern, the government’s main responses to this entrenched problem have not been carefully evaluated to date. As a result, no metrics for gauging reintegration success have been developed, nor is there a process for evaluating the impact of interventions over time. This paper measures existing legal and policy frameworks against current realities, based on empirical findings from a qualitative study carried out by the FXB Center for Health & Human Rights at Harvard University. The survey undergirding the study produced rich data from interviews with 49 governmental and non-governmental actors in three North Indian states: the trafficking source state of Bihar, the transit state of Delhi, and the trafficking destination state of Rajasthan. The results reveal tartling inconsistency between policy commitments and on-the-ground realities. Raids of workplaces that rely on forced child labor are executed with  ariable levels of success and attention to the best interests of trafficked child laborers. A lack of detailed standard operating procedures and centralized  nformation systems leads to confusion around responsibilities, as well as reactive, poorly planned raids that are often overly dependent on nonprofit leadership. The quality of immediate ostrescue care delivered is also inconsistent: children do not receive adequate medical or counseling support and are often subjected to multiple interviews about their experience. Legally mandated and essential First Information Reports, prepared by the police to initiate criminal proceedings, are sporadically filed and victimizers are rarely prosecuted.Existing reintegration frameworks also fail to protect children’s rights and needs. They do not comprehensively address the diverse post-rescue needs of  trafficked children. Rather, despite incontrovertible evidence to the contrary, they treat reintegration as a fixed, short-term process. The significant and complex risks facing trafficked children following return to their families are not carefully addressed and standards for gauging what counts as appropriate alternative accommodation are lacking. Education programs work in isolation from formal schools and do not adequately address the curricular and teacher training issues that reintegration of trafficked children raise. Children who have never had an opportunity to attend school consistently need dedicated services to facilitate their integration into a system of learning; and their families need structured and ongoing support to mitigate the risk that a child will be re-trafficked for economic reasons. Instead, at present, the challenge of supporting the family’s economic reintegration is, at best, reduced to the provision of lump sum compensation.  Finally, the acute health needs of rescued children, both physical and psychological, are acknowledged as an afterthought, without concrete policy initiatives to ensure delivery of suitable services. This report outlines several overarching challenges to the successful rescue and reintegration of children trafficked for labor: failure to provide adequate reintegration services; a focus on short term rescue from child labor in place of systemic child welfare approaches; organizational failures including lack of clear accountability, inter-agency coordination and training; poorly structured NGOgovernment partnerships; insufficient human and financial resources; lack of centralized information systems; and weak policy frameworks. The report concludes by making several recommendations to address these gaps. One critical recommendation is an insistence on the prioritization of a child rights approach to intervention, so that the child’s best interests and views are always a primary consideration. Another overarching recommendation highlights the imperative of instituting comprehensive and sustained reintegration efforts instead of perpetuating the current short term approach that simply returns trafficked children to circumstances that led to trafficking in the first place. This analysis should form the basis for future research, debate and, most important, concrete reforms to protect children from exploitation. Trafficking for forced labor constitutes a gross violation of rights that affects hundreds of thousands of Indian children every year. It is the government’s obligation to ensure an end to these abusive practices and to institute sustained interventions that deliver access to health, education and financial security for these children and their families.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • India
      • Harvard FXB Center
      • Sexual exploitation
      • Child sex tourism
      • Child trafficking
      • Labour exploitation
      • Organ trafficking
      • Dutch
    2. 3 keer gelezen Terre des Hommes Taal Nederlands This report focuses on child labour in Jharkhand/Bihar for mica mining and processing, and the role of Dutch companies and main manufacturers of pearlescent pigments globally. BEAUTY AND A BEAST CHILD LABOUR ...

      This report focuses on child labour in Jharkhand/Bihar for mica mining and processing, and the role of Dutch companies and main manufacturers of pearlescent pigments globally.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • India
      • Terre des Hommes
      • Minors / Child Trafficking
      • Labour exploitation
      • Child trafficking
      • Child labour
      • English
    3. Taal Onbepaald 3 keer gelezen Indian research on the reintegration of survivors of trafficking in their families and communities Engels Rapporten India Reïntegratie Terugkeer Gedwongen prostitutie zaterdag, augustus 1, 2015 ...

      Indian research on the reintegration of survivors of trafficking in their families and communities

      Publications

      • Reports
      • India
      • Reintegration
      • Gedwongen prostitutie
      • Return
      • English
    4. Language Dutch 3 Thomson Reuters Foundation The Freedom Fund The Thomson Reuters Foundation and The Freedom Fund partnered to produce Putting Justice First. The comprehensive report is the first of its kind and addresses several legal challenges fa ...

      The Thomson Reuters Foundation and The Freedom Fund partnered to produce Putting Justice First. The comprehensive report is the first of its kind and addresses several legal challenges faced by victims of human trafficking in India. Based on in-depth research gathered from NGOs, lawyers, prosecutors and survivors of trafficking, the report demonstrates the importance of legal access and law enforcement in the fight to combat modern slavery. It also offers practical recommendations to improve the way victims of human trafficking seek justice in the legal system across India.Author: Thomson Reuters Foundation and The Freedom FundSource click here.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • India
      • Thomson Reuters Foundation
      • The Freedom Fund
      • Victims' rights
      • English
    5. 4 Anti-Slavery International (ASI) Language Dutch This report examines the phenomenon of forced child begging in Albania, Greece, India, and Senegal. It looks at the types of forced begging as well as their impact on the children involved. The repo ...

      This report examines the phenomenon of forced child begging in Albania, Greece, India, and Senegal. It looks at the types of forced begging as well as their impact on the children involved. The report attempts to analyze the root causes of the problem and then address some of the responses of the four countries to combat child begging.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Albania
      • India
      • Senegal
      • Greece
      • Anti-Slavery International (ASI)
      • Minors / Child Trafficking
      • Child labour
      • Labour exploitation
      • Beggary
      • Child trafficking
      • English
    6. 4 keer gelezen Taal Onbepaald It has been observed over decades that, poverty forces poor families to send their children to work, which results in a serious problem the world is facing nowadays. Child labour can leave many severe consequences on children ...

      It has been observed over decades that, poverty forces poor families to send their children to work, which results in a serious problem the world is facing nowadays. Child labour can leave many severe consequences on children and their families. When children work, it does not mean as a standard, they support their families economically, neither all of them get paid for their work since many of them work as bonded labour or as slaves. In addition to that, they face many problems which may cause permanent damage to their childhood.Children usually work to contribute and provide financial support to their families. Their health is often ignored by their parents or they may not be aware about their children’s health. This paper illustrates how both India and Nigeria have adopted laws and regulations to eliminate child labour. However despite all the efforts, child labour and the factors that influence the incidence of child labour continues to be prevalent.The results from this study explain the reasons which forces children to work, poverty. This paper also draws conclusion that governments, societies, and communities should cooperate in a better way with each other to decrease child labour. Possible and innovate solutions and suggestions are arose at the end of this paper.

      Publications

      • Reports
      • Nigeria
      • India
      • Minors / Child Trafficking
      • Armoede
      • Child labour
      • English
    7. 20 Jan 2014

      10 Language Dutch STOP THE TRAFFIK is een internationale beweging die individuen, gemeenschappen en organisaties mobiliseert om een aanjager voor verandering te zijn in hun eigen omgeving. Zo strijden we gezamenlijk tegen mensenhandel. Dutch Stop t ...

      STOP THE TRAFFIK is een internationale beweging die individuen, gemeenschappen en organisaties mobiliseert om een aanjager voor verandering te zijn in hun eigen omgeving. Zo strijden we gezamenlijk tegen mensenhandel.

      List of organizations

      • List of organizations
      • Netherlands
      • Australia
      • United Kingdom
      • India
      • Dutch
    8. Language Dutch 8 Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Integration of Nepali Survivors of Human Trafficking in India and Nepal Over the years, repatriation of Nepali children from India has been managed directly between NGOs, with little engagement an ...

      Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Integration of Nepali Survivors of Human Trafficking in India and NepalOver the years, repatriation of Nepali children from India has been managed directly between NGOs, with little engagement and no accountability of government counterparts. There have been conflicting views of different stakeholders as to whether this system should be formalized and if yes, then to what extent.

      Publications

      • Articles
      • Nepal
      • India
      • Minor
      • English
    9. 29 Sep 2013

      10 Language Dutch Possibly, human trafficking is the only social issue that engages many stakeholders including several of the government departments and agencies. Both in India and Nepal, there are several institutions that play a crucial role in ...

      Possibly, human trafficking is the only social issue that engages many stakeholders including several of the government departments and agencies. Both in India and Nepal, there are several institutions that play a crucial role in prevention, protection and prosecution with respect to human trafficking. Human trafficking being a criminal and social issue, makes it further complex for stakeholders to handle.

      Publications

      • Articles
      • Nepal
      • India
      • English
    10. 4 The University of Utah College of Social Work Language Dutch This doctoral thesis covers the needs and challenges of prostitutes and their children. It reviews various research that indicates the needs and experiences of prostitutes, their childr ...

      This doctoral thesis covers the needs and challenges of prostitutes and their children. It reviews various research that indicates the needs and experiences of prostitutes, their children, and stakeholders who provide services to this population. 

      Publications

      • Reports
      • United States of America
      • India
      • The University of Utah College of Social Work
      • Prostitution
      • Prostitution
      • English

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